What Are Allergies?

Allergies are abnormal immune system responses to things that are considered not to be harmful to a huge number of people. In this situation, the body senses “typically harmless things” as harmful raises false alarm by reacting adversely to it. The substances that cause allergic reactions are known as allergens.

In some people, allergies may be hereditary. That is, it can be passed from parent to children. It doesn’t mean all the children will have the allergy but just the likelihood of having such allergies. On the other hand, some children may have allergies even if no member of the family has such allergies.

What Things Cause Allergies?

  1. Airborne Allergens such as dust, mites, pollen, molds,
  2. Pet allergens are caused by pet dander, pet urine and animal saliva. Cockroaches are also a major household allergen, especially in inner cities. Exposure to cockroach-infested buildings may predispose kids to danger.
  3. Food allergen such as eggs, peanuts, soy, cow milk and so on
  4. Medicines allergies such as anti-biotics
  5. Chemicals allergies

Signs and Symptoms

While the symptoms of an allergy may vary from person to person based on allergy to allergy, typical symptoms include:

  • Itchy or watery eyes
  • Sneezing
  • Stuffy nose
  • Throat tightness
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Vomiting
  • Fainting or passing out.
  • Runny nose
  • A feeling of pressure in the face
  • Coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Queasiness
  • Cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • A tingling sensation in their mouth
  • Swelling of the tongue or face
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Hives

How Are Allergies Treated?

Presently, there is no cure for allergies, but symptoms can be managed. The most effective way to cope with them is to avoid the allergens. Management may also be dependent on your child’s symptoms, severity, and age:

  • Medicines such as antihistamines, nasal sprays, decongestants
  • Allergy shots and tablets (allergy immunotherapy) are only helpful for allergens such as dust, and insect stings.

Prevention of allergic reactions?

  1. Keep pets out of your child’s room
  2. Remove rugs from children’s room and replace with hard floors
  3. Don’t hang heavy drapes and other items that allow dust to build up
  4. Use special covers to seal pillows and mattresses if your child is allergic to dust mites
  5. Keep children who are allergic to mold away from wet areas and keep such areas clean and dry
  6. Parents and guardians must teach their kids as soon as they can understand and often, not just about the allergy alone but also how they may react if they consume or come near the allergen
  7. Parents must inform all caregivers about their children’s allergy
  8. Read ingredient lists and ask questions about restaurant menu items
  9. For skin allergies, try bathing with warm water and mild soap
  10. Breathing in steam from a bowl of hot water may also help clear congested nose.
  11. If your child has diarrhea, you should make them eat a bland diet and drink lot of fluid
  12. If your child feels nauseous, encourage them to rest and stay still. Also, get rid of strong scents that might make their upset stomach worse, such as candles or air fresheners

You can consult with a doctor today at eDokita to know more on how to manage allergies in children. eDokita is a health technology organization that provides health services to you at your own convenience. Download eDokita app today to consult with a doctor.

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