Scalp infections are common among children. The scalp has dense hair follicles and contains lot of sebum. Exposure to dust, warm scalp environment, pollution and harmful chemicals affect their scalp coupled with the fact that their scalp is delicate. Infections manifesting as irritation, flaky scalp may result after exposure to those factors.
TYPES OF SCALP CONDITIONS IN CHILDREN
There are various infections that can affect children on their scalp. Different kinds of scalp conditions include:
- Scalp Ringworm
- Scalp psoriasis
- Head lice/ Pediculosis capitis
- Scalp Eczema
- Scalp folliculitis
CAUSES OF SCALP INFECTION IN CHILDREN
The causes differ according to the type of infection and it varies in children. Some of the major causes are:
- Hereditary factors
- A fungal infection: cause of ringworm in children
- An abnormality in the immune system: causes psoriasis in children
- Pollen grains and dust
- Mites, such as sarcoptes scabiei: causes scabies
- Dry weather
- Staphylococcus aureus bacteria: the cause scalp folliculitis
- Unhealthy diet
- Head lice
- Inadequate sleep
- Excessive sweating
- Dirty scalp
- Tightly braided hair
- Use of bad combs
- Sharing of combs, bedding and caps of infected individual
SYMPTOMS OF SCALP INFECTION IN CHILDREN
Symptoms of scalp infection depends on the type of infection and the cause of the infection
- Inflamed, red skin
- Flaky and itchy scalp
- Small bumps on the scalp, face, hands and neck
- A Thick silver a and scaly patches plaque on the scalp
- A dot with patches of hair loss
- A burning sensation
- Inflamed red spots or rings
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Zigzag-shaped burrows due to mites
- White and gray flakes
- Thick, greasy, yellowish flakes
- Small, red, pus filled bumps around hair follicles.
CARE OF SCALP PROBLEMS IN CHILDREN.
Treating scalp problems depends on the cause and kind of scalp infection. Seeking medical help is very essential at some point and prevention is also helpful in caring for scalp infections
- PREVENTION OF FACTORS THAT COULD LEAD TO SCALP PROBLEMS
Irritants, excessive sweating, pollens, dust, dander, hot baths, various chemical hair care products, and scratching with pointed nails are prominent triggers that can lead to scalp eczema flare-ups. So prevent your child from the impact of triggers.
- REGULAR SCALP CARE
Encourage your child to wash the hair and head with water regularly to keep the scalp clean. Prevent your child from scratching the scalp with pointed nails. Wash your child’s clothes and bedding in hot water. Avoid tight braiding and pointed combs.
- SEEKING MEDICAL HELP
Certain scalp infection need medications. So consult your doctor to take the right medications. Doctors may suggest medicated creams, gels, and shampoos to prevent scalp dryness. Anti-lice medications and shampoos can help cure head lice. Anti fungal shampoos treat a fungal infection of scalp effectively. The doctor may also recommend antibiotics for certain scalp conditions and infections.