The mood is critical to why and how you do what you do. It can influence everything about us. These rangies from what we choose to wear, what we choose to eat for breakfast, and how we interact with our loved ones. Cycles of menstruation are times of intense hormonal changes that can cause increased vulnerability to depression. Premenstrual Syndrome is a group of physical and emotional symptoms that manifests a week or few days before your period. PMS can cause mood swings in the days or weeks before menstruation. It can also make others feel bloated and achy.


While it is widely known that hormones play a crucial role in mood swings during menstruation, the exact cause is still not clear.

Although it is known that both estrogen and progesterone are significantly decreased during the few days that precede each menstrual period. Nonetheless, medical scientists believe there is more to mood swings during premenstrual syndrome than that. Typically, estrogen dominance is known to be relative to mood swings which involve more irritability and anger. On the other hand, progesterone dominance is thought to be associated with feelings of negative mood, weepiness, anxiety, and low self-confidence. Serotonin, another hormone of important implication is also believed to give rise to fluctuations in mood.

Typically, estrogen becomes sufficiently high in order to trigger a sudden surge of luteinizing hormone during day 14 of the menstrual cycle so that ovulation can take place. However, after ovulation, estrogen begins to fluctuate as it nosedives enough to make menstruation take place. While estrogen decreases, progesterone begins to increase and prepares the uterine wall to become suitable for pregnancy to be sustained. If pregnancy doesn’t occur, the progesterone level also falls, and the uterine wall starts shedding off. This shedding off is known as menstruation.


Mood swings involve a series of unexplainable change in mood. Signs and symptoms include:

  • A Feeling of irritability
  • Anger
  • Sadness and rage
  • Weeping/crying the eyes out
  • Increase in temperament
  • Oversensitivity
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Aches and pains
  • Acne
  • Bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Lack of concentration
  • Difficulty in sleeping


  • Nutrition: feeding on junk can make you feel guilty about bloating and cause your mind to build up negative energy. Avoid them and add healthy sources of protein such as beans, and healthy fats such as lean meats, cheese, and fish to your diet. They are crucial for the production of sex hormones and neurotransmitters. You might also consider removing caffeine from your diet. Excessive consumption of caffeine stimulates the nervous system and initiates the release of adrenaline which is known to push people off-limits.
  • Exercise: Regular exercise will improve your body and mind through the productions of endomorphins. They are known as natural mind boosters.
  • Sleep: naturally, lack of sleep can make you feel irritable and anxious. How much more during hormonal fluctuations? Try to get about 8 hours of sleep every night.
  • Manage your stress: learn the act of stress management and reap its benefit. Stress can make mood swings worst.
  • Track your symptoms: keeping track of your menstrual cycle and your emotions may help you know why do act the way you do and keep things in perspective
  • Medication: If the aforementioned tips aren’t working, do not hesitate to consult your doctor. In some cases, drugs such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may be prescribed.

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