Nappy (diaper) rash is a noticeable change in the texture or colour of the nappy region of your baby. It is not found in newborns but can be found in babies who use nappies at any age. About a third of all babies will have a nappy rash at one point or the other. It is easily preventable. The various causes of nappy rash in babies are;

  • Improper cleaning of nappy area
  • Rubbing of faeces and urine on the baby’s skin
  • Delay in change of nappies when soiled
  • Rubbing of the nappy on the baby’s skin
  • Alcohol-based baby wipes
  • Recent use of antibiotics by the baby.

Children with nappy rash have a characteristic redness of the nappy area. It can be present as red blisters, pimples or sores. Rashes can be superimposed with bacterial or fungal infection.

How To Prevent Nappy Rash in Babies

Some of the various ways to prevent nappy rash include;

  • Prompt and regular change of nappy when soiled with faeces or urine
  • Applying skin lubricants such as coconut oil to the baby’s nappy area. This helps to prevent direct contact between the baby’s skin and urine
  • Avoiding alcohol-based wipes instead use water-based wipes.
  • Properly clean the nappy area to ensure that there are no leftover faeces
  • Ensure you dry your baby’s nappy area gently and thoroughly before applying lubricant
  • Avoid use of talcum powder as this might worsen the irritation
  • Lie your baby on a towel and leave the nappy off for as long and as often as you can in order to let fresh air get to the skin.

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Treatment

The best form of treatment is prevention. However, if there are associated symptoms such as fever, irritability, purulent discharge from the sores it is advisable you take the child to see a doctor. Other forms of treatments are:

  • Use of antifungal creams.
  • The use of sudocrem can also help to sooth and protect your baby’s skin .
  • The use of natural products like coconut oil and shea butter has been found to improve treatment.
  • However, if the rash lasts more than three days without improvement despite above preventive measures, it is advisable you take your baby to see your doctor.
  • Antibiotics can be prescribed by your doctor if necessary.