When the fluid (semen) ejaculated during orgasm has fewer sperm cells than normal, it is called low sperm count medically known as oligospermia. There is increasing level of awareness on what causes infertility, which is far from exclusively arising from women as several male factors have been identified. 30% of cases of male infertility is as a result of a low sperm count. A test result of complete absence of sperm is called azoospermia. If you have less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen, your sperm count is considered low. Your sperm count is normal when it ranges from 15 million sperm to more than 200 million sperm per milliliter (mL) of semen. Having low sperm count decreases the chances than your sperm will fertilize your mate’s egg, resulting in pregnancy. However, men diagnosed with low sperm count can still father a child.

 

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Symptoms

There is no obvious sign or symptom. Usually what prompts most men as a sign is the inability to conceive a child. The symptoms observed might arise from underlying conditions such as hormonal imbalance, dilated testicular veins, and inherited chromosomal abnormalities among others. The symptoms may include:

  • Low sex drive
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain, swelling in the testicle area
  • Decreased facial and/or body hair for chromosomal abnormality. It is important to see a doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.

 

Causes

Often the exact cause of low sperm count is unknown but common etiologies include a number of health issues which include:

Infection. Sexually transmitted infections and inflammatory conditions affecting the male organ can cause scarring which can result in permanent testicular damage affecting infertility.

Tumors. Treatment measures including surgery, radiation or chemotherapy used in the treatment of tumors may affect fertility in men.

Anti-sperm antibodies. Specific immune system cells that mistakenly identify sperm as harmful invaders and attempts to destroy them are termed anti-sperm antibodies and they cause reduction in the number of healthy cells being produced.

Hormonal imbalances. Hormones are produced by the hypothalamus, pituitary and testicles. Alterations in the level of these hormones may impair sperm production.

Certain medications. Long term use of steroid, certain antibiotic medications, hormonal replacement therapy can impair the production of sperm and decrease male fertility.

Exposure to certain environmental factors. Overexposure to radiation, industrial chemicals, elevated temperature impair sperm function and production

Lifestyle factors. Prolonged emotional stress might interfere with hormone needed for sperm production and influences male fertility, Drug and alcohol abuse also reduces the number and quality of your sperm.

 

Certain risk factors has been linked to low sperm count and other health issues that can reduce the sperm count and they include

  • Alcohol use
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Exposure to toxic substances in the environment
  • Exposure of the testicles to extreme temperatures
  • Certain medications
  • Previous abdominal or pelvic surgery.

About Dr Habeeb Ali Tunde

Dr. Habeeb Ali Tunde provides the most effective treatments to patients by integrating both conventional and alternative medicine that address all aspects of pain and wellness.

Read more

Follow Dr Habeeb Tunde Ali

Facebook – Dr. Habeeb Ali

Twitter – Dr. Habeeb Ali

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Website: Dr. Habeeb Tunde Ali

Mentioned on Tribune Online News – Dr. Habeeb Tunde Ali