Influenza also called flu is a viral infection caused by the flu virus. Sometimes,the flu might be mild but can also lead to death. There are 4 types of flu that infects human. Type A type B type C and type D.

Who is at risk of developing influenza?

  • A person who’s immune system is weak due to illnesses or malnutrition
  • Individuals whose immune system is compromised such as a person living with AIDS
  • Children under the age of 5
  • People with a body mass index (BMI) of over 40
  • Pregnant women

Signs and Symptoms of influenza

Symptoms of influenza will usually begins within two (2) days after exposure

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Dry cough
  • Joint pain
  • Headache
  • General weakness
  • Runny nose
  • Chills
  • Rapid breathing
  • Vomiting and diarrhea ( in children)

How Influenza is transmitted

Flu virus is majorly transmitted via air droplets. When a carrier of the virus coughs, talks, or sneeze and releases infectious droplets into the air, it can be inhaled by a non-carrier or if the droplets were released on in animate objects, a non- carrier can pick it up through handling such objects.

A carrier of the virus can become contagious within 3-4 days after coming down with the flu.


Influenza resolves on its own within a week or two, and most times, does not require medical attention, but there may be cases of complications at times.

Diagnosis is by collecting throat samples and testing for the presence of viral antigen by;

  • Virus Isolation
  • RT-PCR


If the flu symptoms persist, kindly reach out to us for medical help. You can talk to a board certified doctor with eDokita from the comfort of your house or office,just bring out your phone and call us on 09060002544 or chats us up on whatsapp via this link and get a medical consultation .

Home Remedies

  • Take lots of liquids, preferably water
  • Avoid caffeine or alcoholic drinks
  • Take enough rest


  • Ensure proper and frequent washing of hands
  • Vaccination against influenza virus
  • Avoid large crowds whenever there is a suspected outbreak

Likely complications from influenza

  • Sinus infections
  • Viral pneumonia
  • Bronchitis
  • Secondary bacterial pneumonia

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