Infections begin when the body is invaded by microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that do not naturally occur in the body. Skin infections are usually caused by three different types of germs including; bacterial, viral, and fungal. Many skin infections are mild and can be cleared in a few days or weeks with home remedies or over the counter medications. However, other infections require professional medical attention because when left untreated, they can become severe. For example, a skin infection that spreads to the bloodstream or bone can become life threatening. By taking the proper precautions, you can learn to stop the spread of germs and reduce the likelihood of skin infections.
Practicing Basic Hygiene: One of the basic hygiene measures is keeping the hands clean to prevent the infection of skin. This is a good practice that should be encouraged such as washing your hands frequently. Alternatively, you can use hand sanitizer when soap and water are not available. Washing of the hands must be frequent. After wetting hands and applying soap, there is need to rub hands together for at least 20 seconds, rinse thoroughly with warm water and dry hands using a paper towel or air dryer. You should also be mindful of washing hands after handling dirty linens or items that can contaminate the hand and later result to skin infections.
Frequent moisturizing of dry skin: As much as hand washing often helps to reduce skin infections, it can also lead to dry skin. Dry skin may result in cracks in the skin, which can allow bacteria to enter the cut. Use a moisturizing lotion often to prevent cracks and peeling of the skin. Lotions that have ingredients you are allergic to should be avoided. Plain moisturizers such as petroleum jelly works best.
Avoid Contact with commonly used surfaces: Some germs can survive on surfaces anywhere from hours to days. By avoiding skin-to-skin contact with surfaces like locker, room floor and doorknobs, you can decrease your chance of coming into contact with infectious germs. You can use a barrier like gloves and napkins when touching overly exposed surfaces. A preventive strategy is often by sanitizing the surface areas.
Avoid sharing personal Items: Sharing personal hygiene items or objects that comes in contact with your bodily fluids can often lead to transmission of germs from an infected person to your body and further result to an infection. It is essential to avoid sharing items like hair brushes, towels and deodorant, toothbrushes or razors. Also avoid sharing drinks and eating utensils that can easily spread through the saliva.
Boost your immune system: The immune system is a network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to protect the body. When your immune system is weakened, your body is more susceptible to all infections, especially viral infections. By getting the proper amount of rest and nutrients, you can avoid viral infections.
Know the different types of Skin Infection: Knowledge of the different types of skin infection which includes bacteria, fungal and viruses can help you to know the causes of each and how to avoid them.
Identify if you are at risk and take preventive strategies: Those who are constantly around warm and moist conditions (such as athletes) are more susceptible to infections. Also people with weakened immune systems (such as those with diabetes, cancer, or HIV) are more likely to have a skin infection.