HCancer is a disease process that involves the growth of abnormal cells which has the potential to spread to other parts of the body. These abnormal cells causes changes in the surrounding tissues and gain access to lymphs and blood vessels that carry the cells to other areas of the body.
Not all cancers are preventable such as naturally occurring radiation and hereditary but most cases of cancer are due to environmental factors and THEY ARE PREVENTABLE!
It is estimated that almost one third of all cancers worldwide could be prevented through primary prevention. What primary prevention means is that you can prevent the onset of the disease. They are the measures you apply to prevent the disease from occurring. On the other end, secondary prevention are the measures you can use to intervene and hopefully put an end to the disease.
Primary Prevention of Cancer
- Maintain a healthy weight throughout life: Obesity is clearly associated with the development of endometrial cancer, postmenopausal breast cancers, colon, oesophagus and kidney cancers.
- Maintain a healthy diet: It is advisable to keep a healthy balanced diet. A high caloric dietary intake is associated with increased cancer risk. It is healthy for you to eat plenty of vegetables, fruits & whole grain. Dietary substances that include fats, alcohol, red and processed meats have been proved to increase the risk of cancer.
- Avoid known carcinogens: carcinogens are substances that are capable of causing cancer in lignin tissue. Choose foods and beverages in amount that will help achieve a healthy weight.
- Do not Smoke & reduce alcohol intake: smoking is strongly associated with cancer of the lungs, head and neck, oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, cervix, kidney & bladder. For example, tobacco smoke includes more than 60 chemicals that are known carcinogens.
- Improve your physical activity: Engage in atleast 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity in a day.
- Avoid excessive exposure to ultraviolent rays of the sun & ionizing radiation: This increases the risk of skin cancer especially in fair skinned people.
Secondary Prevention of Cancer
- Routine Screening: Available ones are cervical screening to examine the cervix in order to early detect and stop the course of the disease. Also mammography for breast examination.
- Early Detection Activities: Breast and Testicular self examination to detect deviations from normal. Also ensure regular follow-ups as required