The vulva is the outer part of the female genitals which includes the opening of the vagina (sometimes called the vestibule), the labia majora (outer lips), the labia minora (inner lips), and the clitoris The vagina has been designed to clean itself through natural secretions and so doesn’t need any extra care or cleansing procedures but a healthy diet and exercise which would go a long way in maintaining its function. Normal exercises like running and walking help to keep the pelvic floor toned up and ensure optimal health.

It has been discovered that the vulva and vagina are sensitive to a lot of products many women use such as; soaps, shower and bath products, laundry products, pant liners, sanitary pads, feminine hygiene washes and sprays. Much attention is thereby concentrated on the vulva to prevent foul smell and infections. Here are pretty sure ways to ensure your vulva is healthy.

  • Use your hands and clean water to wash your vulva so as to maintain the natural environment of the vagina and vulva
  • Do not apply soap to the vulvar area; all you need is to clean with warm water and your hands
  • Avoid the use of any medicated or anti-bacterial soap to the vulvar so as not to upset the normal flora of the vagina
  • Avoid the use of bubble baths, scented oils or bath salts instead use baking soda in warm water if you need to soothe the area from itching or irritation
  • After cleaning, do not rub the area with a wash cloth or towel but pat dry to keep area cool.
  • Avoid the use of scented hand towels, tissue and wipes to clean the vulvar or vagina
  • Use soft and unscented toilet paper to wipe the vulva
  • Do not douche as douching kills the natural helping bacteria in the vagina
  • Wear soft cotton underwear to ensure movement of air around the vulvar areas
  • Avoid wearing pant liners and pads regularly except during your period
  • During periods ensure your pads are changed after 6-8 .hours; avoid prolonged use of sanitary pads.
  • Use different set of pants for your period.
  • Always use the same brand of unscented laundry detergent for your underwear
  • Try to keep your underwear loosed rather than tight to reduce moisture and heat felt at the vulva areas.
  • Sleeping without underwear at night is greatly comforting
  • Take extra underwear for change in case you get damp or wet sometimes
  • Change damp or wet underwear immediately after exercise or swimming
  • During shaving ensure you do not scrape off all hair in the vulva area to prevent irritation or friction.
  • Whole shaving exposes the skin to sexually transmitted infections
  • Clean water is the basic cleansing agent you need to keep the vulva clean and healthy
  • Ensure you urinate after sex or masturbation to expel bacteria capable of causing infections.
  • Use liquid based lubricant to reduce friction during sexual activity.
  • Watch the use of all over-the- counter medications during any infection
  • A healthy diet high in natural fibre and low in added sugars will help maintain a healthy state.
  • For women complaining of persistent wet vulva, the best prevention is by wearing cotton underwear and also using natural moisturizers and oils.
  • Warm sitz bath can help to reduce the itching, 4-5 table spoon of baking soda can be added to the bath, 1-3 times daily for 10-15 minutes each time.
  • After defecation, it is important to wipe the genital area from front to back not in the opposite direction.
  • Wash the area with warm water after urination.


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