Having a regularized diet plan when one has diabetes is working towards maintaining normal blood glucose. This could be difficult as you will get to watch what is being ingested, this together with physical activity and medication regimen will put diabetes in check and one will live a healthy life away from symptoms and complications of diabetes.

Carbohydrates, protein, and fat are the major nutrients that we get from our everyday diet and the diagnosis of diabetes does not affect the basic nutrients we should get from our everyday diet. It just needs to be monitored in this case. The sources of these nutrients, the volume of the food has to be taken into cognizance, a smaller portion three times daily is best advised as the end products of meals is the most paramount thing.


  • It helps to normalize the blood glucose level.
  • It helps to normalize blood pressure and also put the cholesterol level in check.
  • It helps to maintain a healthy weight.
  • It prevents complications such as kidney and nerve damage.
  • The absence of symptoms increases the quality of life.

foods to include in the diet are:

PROTEIN: essential in the physiological process and immunological function

  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Nuts
  • Peas and dried beans
  • Dairy products such as milk and cheese

CARBOHYDRATES: glucose from healthy carbohydrates provides energy

  • Fruits such as apple
  • Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, and tomatoes
  • Whole grains such as wheat, rice, corn.

FIBER: It aids digestion and controls blood sugar level

  • Leafy Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Legumes such as peas

FATS: Unsaturated ted fats can help lower blood cholesterol

  • Nuts
  • Avocados
  • Olive and peanut oils.


Fish: fishes such as sardine, salmon, and mackerel are very good in the diet of a diabetic as they help in protecting the heart by reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke. Omega 3 fatty acids found in these fishes help reduce inflammation in the arteries by protecting the cells that line the blood vessels.

Leafy Vegetables: These have various functions. Asides from being basically nutritious and low in calories. They contain vitamin C and minerals which was studied to reduce fasting blood sugar level in people with type 2 diabetes and also reduce inflammation in people with high blood pressure

It also contains antioxidants that promote cell functions thereby protecting the eyes from macular degeneration which is a complication of diabetes.

Eggs: They reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing inflammation and maintaining cholesterol levels and also improve insulin sensitivity. A study revealed people who have type 2 diabetes who consumed an egg a day showed remarkably adjustments in blood sugar and cholesterol levels

It also contains Lutein and Zeaxanthin the anti-oxidants that protect the eyes from the complication of diabetes.

Nuts: Nuts are low in digestible carbohydrates which will help in controlling blood sugar levels and also contains fiber. Consumption of Nuts such as almonds, walnuts, and hazelnuts may help reduce inflammation and also lower blood sugar levels. Walnut has been found to help maintain a healthy weight

Olive oil: Olive oil has been found to reduce heart disease risk. They contain polyphenols that help reduce inflammation, protect the lining of the vessels, and maintain cholesterol level and also decrease blood pressure. Extra virgin oil is the brand of olive that has all these benefits, one should avoid picking an olive oil that has been adulterated with other oils.

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