A balanced diet includes foods that have all the necessary nutrients that your body needs in other to maintain good health, and mitigate the risk of diseases. It is essential to know that not all food is nutritious or provide optimum nutrition for the body.

Also, balanced diet should provide the body with an adequate amount of energy necessary for all life processes as well as macronutrients and micronutrients. It should also contain a variety of different foods. You may consume junks daily may be out of a busy lifestyle, to get the stomach filled or even for the taste and pleasure of the food without considering the fact that such lifestyle could be harmful to the health.

Eating a balanced diet should be of top priority to you because nutrition is the basics of healthy living. The energy your body needs is all gotten from the food you consume daily. The proper functioning of the body system entirely depends on the food you eat. Food is one thing you cannot do without as long as there is life. It is necessary that for a community to be healthy, then adequate food, with excellent nutritional status, must be taken seriously.

Do you eat a balanced diet?

In developing countries, malnutrition, nutrient deficiencies, and other nutrients associated issues remain a great source of concern and Nigeria, is not exempted from these. You will agree with me that the majority of Nigerians have a poor nutritional habit, which is one of the major causes of various chronic illnesses we hear of today. From eating of junks to consuming poorly prepared foods by the roadside, are certainly not a healthy diet lifestyle that you should practice.

So the question now is, is your diet balanced? Are you eating the right quantity of foods with the right proportion of nutrients? Or are you eating to be full and or for the pleasure of eating? Most people do not know what their diet should or shouldn’t contain. Well, here are five (5) important foods that you should consider adding to your diet immediately.


  1. VegetablesVeggies” are super nutritious, low in fat and calories. They contain high amounts of Minerals, Potassium, and Vitamins. Vegetables help in fighting diseases and reducing the likelihood of developing chronic illnesses such as stroke and cancer. In Nigeria, we have various easy to get vegetables available such as; spinach, Broccoli, Cabbage, and Asparagus.

  2. Fruits

    Fruits are nutrient-packed. They contain many essential nutrients such as Fibre, vitamins, and minerals, and are low in sodium, fat, and no cholesterol. Adding fruits to your diet helps maintain healthy living. Watermelon, lemon, pineapple, apple, oranges, avocado, and bananas are common fruits we can quickly get around us.

  3. Whole grains

    Whole grains rather than refined grains contain high dietary fiber and are rich in minerals, vitamins, magnesium, and selenium. They help aid digestion and are great for fighting cardiovascular diseases. Substituting whole grains for refined grains is highly recommended as whole grains still retain their nutritional content, which is healthy for the body. Common whole grains found in Nigeria are; millet, oat, rye, wheat, barley, sorghum. Whole grains are fabulous for breakfast; they keep the stomach filled and satisfied.

  4. Protein

    Proteins are the building block of every cell in the body. They are essential for growth, repair, and maintenance of body tissues. They also provide hormones and enzymes needed by the body. Beans, soybean, eggs, poultry, seafood are a source of protein we can include in our diet. Foods rich in proteins are great for reducing cholesterol in the body.

  5. Water

    Have you heard the saying “no water, no life”? Well, this is true. The body needs lots of water for all metabolic processes. Water is your best friend, so take lots of it.

However, with the knowledge of what your diet should include, you should focus on eating nutritious food rather than eating because of the pleasure or taste of a meal, as nutrition is the basics for healthy living.


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