Diabetes patients have an increased risk of developing nerve damage, circulation problems, and infections that can result in serious foot problems. Improper care of the feet can lead to amputation of a foot or leg.

However, there are precautionary measures that can be put in place to ensure foot safety for diabetes patients.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle helps ensures your feet remain healthy.

Such lifestyle include:

  • Regular medical examinations including foot checks, checking your blood sugar level, blood pressure, and cholesterol.
  • Daily monitoring of your blood sugar.
  • Exercising regularly
  • Eating a balanced diet that contains carefully picked fruits and vegetables.

Daily foot care

Inspect your feet, toes, the tops, sides, soles, heels, and in between the toes. If can’t inspect your own feet, ask someone to help or use a mirror. While assessing your feet, look out for any sores, redness, cuts, blisters, or bruises, cracked skin, and tenderness when you touch an area. Also, check for ingrown toe nails and calluses.

Wash your feet

Hot water and harsh soaps can be harmful to your skin. You should wash your feet in warm water with mild soap.

Dry your feet

Ensure you dry your feet well and gently with clean water. Infections tend to thrive in a moist environment, so ensure you dry your toes and the areas in between them well.

Moisturize dry skin

Gently rub lotion or oil on your feet if they feel dry. Avoid lotion in between your toes.


  • Never use antiseptic solutions on your feet without your doctor’s approval.
  • Do not use a hot water bottle on your feet.
  • Walk with comfy footwear. Put on shoes that will protect your feet from cold and moisture and protect your feet from heat and cold.
  • Do not attempt to get rid of calluses or foot lesions by yourself. Speak to your healthcare provider about that.
  • Avoid placing your legs in one position for a long time.
  • Do not exercise when you have open sores on your feet.
  • Wear natural cotton-wool blend, easy to wear stockings. Avoid tight socks.
  • Look inside your shoes before wearing them. This is to ensure there’s nothing irritating inside them.
  • If your doctor recommends special shoes, ensure to put them on. Typically, shoes for diabetic patients should have closed toes and heels with no rough area inside.
  • Ensure your shoes fit before buying them. Avoid buying narrow shoes.




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