Everyone should learn the first aid care for fainting because it is a situation that occurs frequently and can happen anywhere for a variety of reasons. Fainting is a sudden loss of consciousness that may take a short time. In most cases, people regain consciousness within a minute or two after fainting. In order to prevent further complications, the first aid care for fainting you should administer before emergency service arrives are listed below.

Safety first:

  • If you notice a person starting to faint, try to catch him or her and slowly lower the person to the ground.
  • If the person is larger than you avoid getting into the situation as it might be hazardous for you.
  • ensure that you lay the person flat on his or her back
  • Ensure the surroundings where the victim is laying is free of harm
  • Observe for the following and if present call emergency service immediately.
  • Has blue lips or face
  • An irregular or slow heartbeat
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Is difficult to awaken
  • Acts confused
  • Elevate the person’s legs to restore blood flow to the brain
  • Allow the person lie down for 10-15mins to give room for blood flow to the heart

     Revive the person

  • Shake the person vigorously, tap briskly, or yell.
  • Make sure to remove any tight clothing
  • Fan the victim with fresh air or give room for ventilation
  • If fainting happens in a crowded place, make sure to tell people to back up so as not make matters worst
  • If patient doesn’t regain consciousness, assess pulse at the side of the neck because that is where it would be the strongest.
  • Use your thumb and third finger to feel the pulse near the windpipe
  • Keep patients leg raised to further improve blood flow
  • Initiate CPR if no pulse is found, you can do this by:
  • Kneel next to the person.
  • Place the heel of one hand at the center of the person’s chest.
  • Place the other hand on top of the first.
  • Be sure not to bend your elbows.
  • Use your whole upper body weight and compress on the person’s chest.
  • The chest must be compressed as you push straight down by at least 2 inches.
  • Push down on the chest at about 100 compressions each minute
  • Continue chest compressions until EMS arrives and takes over.
  • Stay with patient till help comes
  • If victim gains consciousness, give water and/or food once stable; food and water will help revive him/her. Dehydration and hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) are common causes of fainting.
  • Encourage patient to lie down for some time as he/she might want to get up quickly.
  • Reassure victim and assist further where necessary