Premenstrual syndrome is wide range of signs and symptoms experienced before menstruation. It is a condition that affects emotions, physical health, and behavior. However, this occurs during certain days of the menstrual cycle, generally just before menstruation. PMS symptoms commence five to 11 days before menstruation and resolve once menstruation begins. The cause of PMS is unknown; many researchers believe that it’s related to a change in both sex hormone and serotonin levels at the beginning of the menstrual cycle.

It varies from individual. Consequently, menstrual symptoms affect women differently. Treatment of these symptoms is based on their severity. Regular exercise, reducing stress, and dietary modifications can help reduce severity. However, PMS symptoms may indicates an underlying condition.

What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome?

  • Tender or swollen breasts
  • weight gain
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Menstrual cramp
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • change in appetite
  • constipation or diarrhea
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • oily skin, acne, pimple breakouts, and other skin symptoms

Psychological symptoms

Psychological symptoms of PMS include:

  • low mood /mood swing
  • irritability or anger
  • depression / social withdrawal
  • increased anxiety
  • difficulty in sleeping /poor sleep
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Decreased libido

However, age can affect the severity of premenstrual syndrome, during Perimenopause. This is the transitional period leading up to menopause and also people may experience worsening PMS symptoms.

How can I treat PMS?

Treatment options for PMS vary depending on individual presenting symptoms. Mostly PMS goes on its own and ends on the onset of period. PMS can be managed by taking medications, making dietary changes, exercising, trying self-care methods, and making other lifestyle changes.

  • Eat healthy, balanced meal
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Use relaxation techniques
  • Gentle exercise, such as walking and stretching, can help ease PMS symptoms.
  • Managing stress and using relaxation techniques. Techniques such as deep breathing or meditation, taking bath, gentle exercise, and also talking to close friend or loved ones. All these can help regulate emotional imbalances due to PMS.

Severe or debilitating PMS symptoms are not common. If PMS symptoms get in the way of daily life, check with a doctor at eDokita. eDokita is a telemedicine with health professionals in providing health services to you at your own convenience. Talk to your eDokita via eDokita app.

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