Think you’re living a healthy life? You may need to check again! The essentials for a healthy living entails much more than eating three square meals per day; it requires a permanent lifestyle change. According to a recent study, very few adults actually meet the criteria for a healthy lifestyle.
Here are the major essentials for healthy living you need to pay attention to if you actually want to live a healthy life.
- HEALTHY DIET
Good nutrition is a vital part of living a healthy life.A healthy diet is a diet that helps to maintain or improve overall health condition of an individual. A healthy diet helps to protect the human body against certain types of diseases, especially non-communicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, etc. Healthy diet also helps to maintain normal body weight. The nutrients in foods are essential for the growth and development of the body and also for maintenance of body functions.
Good nutrition can optimize maternal health during pregnancy, reduce the risk of birth defects, promote optimal foetal growth and development, and prevent health problems in the developing foetus. Just as the saying goes “you are what you eat”, a healthy diet goes a long way in ensuring a healthy you.
Exercise involves engaging in physical activities that increase the heart rate beyond resting levels. It is a very important aspect of maintaining physical and mental health. Regular exercise, whether light (such as going for a walk) or high intensity activities (such as weight lifting) provides a huge range of benefits for the body and mind. Regular physical activity may even help to get better sleep. Taking the stairs instead of an elevator can be a great way for busy people to engage in a little exercise.
Sleep is a state of reduced consciousness from which we can be easily wakened. Sleep is a very important biological function which is essential for life. It affects many tissues and systems in the body, ranging from the brain, heart, and lungs to metabolism, immune function and disease resistance. While we sleep, many important functions take place that help the body in physical recovery and repair, brain development, cardiac function, body metabolism, memory boosting and mood improvement. Research suggests that adults need at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep each night to be well rested, while children require between 9-13 hours of sleep (including naps).
Lack of adequate sleep may cause problems with thinking, concentration, memory, reaction and mood. Regular insufficient sleep or poor sleeping habit contributes to long-term health problems such as obesity, poor mental health, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, depression, etc.
It is a common knowledge that water is essential for good digestion. It also helps to keep the body hydrated and boost energy levels. Water plays a role in many body processes and functions such as; serving as building block of cells, acting as temperature regulator and flushing toxins from the body. According to research, chronic inadequate intake of water is a leading cause of kidney stone formation. Adequate water intake can help protect the kidney from developing kidney stones and reduce the likelihood of developing urinary tract infections. Water is also very beneficial for skin health.