About the Virus
Corona viruses are large family of viruses responsible for causing illnesses in both Humans and Animals. Examples include SARS-CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus) and MERS-Cov (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus).
What is Covid-19?
Covid 19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered strain of Corona Virus called SARS-CoV2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2)
The virus was formerly known as 2019 novel corona virus (2019-nCoV). However the W.H.O calls the virus COVID -19 virus to avoid confusion with the disease called SARS.
The exact animal reservoir hasn’t been officially documented however studies have shown the new virus has close genetic similarities to bat corona viruses.
The strain was first noticed in Wuhan, China.
it’s a positive-sense single stranded RNA virus. Each viral particle is about 50-200nanometers in diameter.
Question & Answer guide
Prepare carefully, but don’t panic
Here are the answers to common questions about Covid-19 based on discussions with experts from reputable institutions and articles from CDC, WHO, and MoHFW guidelines.
COVID-19 is an infectious condition, which means it can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another Coronavirus has “high infectivity but low mortality”
How deadly is Coronavirus?
Mortality rate ranges between 3-4%. It is significantly less severe than 2003 SARS (MR: 10%) or 2012 MERS (MR: 35%) outbreaks. Risk of death is higher in older people (above an age of ~60 years) and people with pre-existing health conditions.
Why is there so much panic?
The lack of verified facts is to be blamed for this panic. The most important thing is when a virus is new; much isn’t known about it and how it may affect people.
Will I die if I catch the disease?
Almost 80% of people have mild symptoms, and recover from the disease within 2 weeks.
Who is getting sick and how sick?
Older people and those with co-morbid conditions such as Diabetes, Hypertension are twice as likely to have serious COVID-19 illness. Most corona virus led illnesses are generally mild, especially for children and young adults.
Are children also at risk of Coronavirus infection?
COVID-19 affects all age groups.
So, how exactly does the Coronavirus spread?
An infected person can spread the infection to a healthy person through respiratory droplets produced on coughing or sneezing, close contact with infected person, contact with contaminated surfaces, objects, or items of personal use.
Can the novel Coronavirus be passed on through food?
No. There is no such evidence yet. experience with other coronaviruses like SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV suggest that people do not get infected through food.
Can eating chicken or eggs cause Coronavirus?
The novel Coronavirus is not known to spread directly through poultry products
Do I have coronavirus if I am coughing or sneezing?
A high index of suspicion becomes necessary if You develop symptoms (fever, cough, shortness of breath) + any out of these: Coupled with
a) Travel history to a Coronavirus-affected area (like China, Iran, Italy, Republic of Korea, etc.).
b) History of close contact with an infected person.
Symptoms of corona virus infection
fever, cough, Difficulty with breathing, Malaise , body aches , diarrhoea has been documented in some cases.
Should I be tested for coronavirus if I have high grade fever, cough and difficulty in breathing? Or can I get a coronavirus test done just for the sake of satisfaction?
Testing for coronavirus will only be done as recommended by the Doctors only if
someone falls under the definition of “suspected case”.
Why can only designated labs test coronavirus? Why can’t I get a home sample collection done for coronavirus testing?
It is because the virus is highly contagious and can only be tested by special labs equipped to handle such contagious pathogens. As of now, only labs with biosafety level 4 (BSL4) can handle the COVID-19 samples.
Can a person infected with Coronavirus make a full recovery?
Yes, In fact, more than 60 % of people have recovered from the disease without needing special treatment.
Can coronavirus be treated?
Symptom-based medical care is given and has proven really effective. There is no specific treatment or vaccine available for novel coronavirus as yet.
Can eating garlic prevent infection with the coronavirus?
There is no science-based evidence that proves its ability to protect against the coronavirus.
Will warm weather stop the outbreak of COVID-19?
This assumption is false based on latest findings
How long does the coronavirus survive over the surfaces or objects?
Studies are still ongoing to clarify the viability of the virus across different surfaces. However some research showed that the virus was able to survive on cardboard for 24 hours, and 2-3 days on plastic and stainless steel.
What type of mask should one wear to protect against the coronavirus?
The 3-layer disposable surgical masks are good enough to contain the virus. N-95 or N-99 masks are not mandated.
Should the coronavirus outbreak concern you about your pets or other animals?
We still recommend washing your hands before and after you interact with your pets as you may not know if some infected droplets get on your pet’s fur.
How easily does it spread?
Channel your worries into these
3 actionable goals:
1. Protect yourselves.
2. Protect your loved ones.
3. Protect your community.
3Ps: All it takes to defeat Coronavirus!
Wash your hand regularly with plenty of soap and water.
Keep an alcohol-based sanitizer ready for times when soap and water are not available.
Don’t touch your eyes, mouth or nose with unclean hands.
Keep your distance of at least 1 meter from anyone coughing or sneezing.
Follow no-touch greeting for no germs contracted. Prefer “namaste” or hand waving over handshake.
Don’t sneeze or cough into your hands. Use a tissue and throw it away immediately, or sneeze in the inner side of your elbow.
Don’t travel or visit crowded places if you’re sick.
Do wear a mask if you’re sick and also if you are taking care of someone with the symptoms.
Protect your loved ones:
If you feel unwell, seek medical attention.
If you have a fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, stay indoors. Call healthcare professionals and follow their advice.
Do not share “just any forwarded message”. Only share authentic information coming through medical experts.
Protect your community:
For any further queries, contact the Ministry
of Health & Family Welfare on their 24*7
helpline number (+91-11-23978046) or email
Still have questions regarding Novel Coronavirus? Share it with us
and we will try to answer it for you: http://www.edokita.com/covid19/
Follow this article for regular and authentic updates on Novel Coronavirus:
Covid-19: Guidance and advice for older people
This document provides guidance and advice for older people about covid-19. It gives some basic information on what Covid-19 and how it is spread, followed by key advice on what older people can do to reduce their risk of catching the virus, and what they should do if they need medical help or support.
What is Covid-19?
- Covid-19 or ‘coronavirus’ is a new disease that emerged in 2019.
- Covid-19 was first seen in China but is now spreading all over the world, with cases in well over 100 countries by mid-March 2020
- Covid-19 causes respiratory infection
- The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, a dry cough and shortage of breath. Some people may have aches and pains, a runny nose, sore throat or diarrhoea
- Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell
- Most people (about 80%) recover from Covid-19 without needing special treatment
- Around 1 in 6 people will become more seriously unwell and will develop difficulty breathing Older people, and those with underlying health problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to become seriously unwell with Covid-19, and are more likely to die People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical help
How is Covid-19 spread?
People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus
The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth. These are spread when a person with the virus coughs or sneezes
People can catch Covid-19 if:
1. Someone with the virus coughs or sneezes and droplets land on objects and surfaces. If other people touch those surfaces and then touch their mouth, nose or eyes, they can become infected
2. Someone with the virus coughs or sneezes on to another person who breathes in the droplets
3. Someone with the virus coughs or sneezes into their hand and then touches another person on the face, or touches another person’s hand, and then they touch their mouth, nose or eyes
How can I protect myself?
There are some basic things everyone can do to reduce their risk of catching Covid-19:
- Regularly and thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water. You should wash your hands for at least 20 seconds, including the palms and backs of your hands, between your fingers, your fingers, fingertips and your nails.
- While washing your hands with soap and water is preferable, if you are out, or do not have access to soap and water, use alcohol-based hand rub to clean your hands. This must also be done for at least 20 seconds with enough rub for your hands to stay wet for the whole 20 seconds
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth, particularly if you have not washed your hands
- Make sure you cough or sneeze into a tissue. Throw the tissue away immediately. If you do not have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow. Then, immediately wash your hands thoroughly Stay at least 2 metres (6 feet) away from anyone who is coughing or sneezing
- Stay at home or away from other people if you feel unwell with a fever, cough or shortness of breath
- Try to find information about places that are affected by Covid-19 and avoid going to those places Consider avoiding large groups or gatherings of people, for example social events, community meetings and cultural activities
- Try to avoid shaking hands or hugging other people
- Only wear a mask if you are ill or if you are looking after someone who is ill. Masks are not very useful in stopping you from becoming infected. There is now a worldwide shortage of masks so only use a mask in these circumstances
- If you do use a mask, wash your hands before putting it on, after touching the mask while you are wearing it, and after taking the mask off and throwing it away.
- Single use masks should only be worn once, and multiple masks should not be worn at the same time. Masks should be taken off and replaced as soon as they are damp
How can I manage my health?
Older people and those with other health conditions, particularly hypertension, diabetes and heart disease, are more likely to become more seriously ill with Covid-19. It is important that you take care of your general health, including any specific conditions you already have
If you have any existing conditions, it is particularly important to do everything you can to reduce your risk of getting Covid-19, for example, washing your hands, avoiding large gatherings of people, and staying away from anyone who is ill
It is important that even if you are unwell, you continue to take any other medication you have been given by a doctor for other illnesses or health issues
Make sure you have enough of your medicines, and if you are unwell ask a friend, family member or carer to collect medicines for you
People with diabetes are at increased risk. If you have diabetes, continue to take any medication, monitor your blood sugar closely and seek medical help if you have a fever, cough or shortness of breath
People with asthma should continue to use their inhaler(s) as usual
If you think your asthma is getting worse or you have a fever, cough or shortness of breath, seek medical help
People with cancer are at increased risk, particularly cancers that affect the immune system, and people who are undergoing treatment, including chemotherapy
If you have cancer it is important you take the steps described to reduce your risk of getting Covid-19. If you feel unwell with a fever, cough or shortness of breath, seek medical help
What if I need help or support from others?
If you need to stay at home, or you are homebound, ask friends, family or carers for support. Both you and those helping you should do what you can to protect yourselves, as outlined above, including washing your hands.
Ask friends, family or carers for help with:
1. Picking up medicines
2. Buying food
3. Tasks around the house
4. Getting information on Covid-19
5. Getting information on where and how to get medical help
6. Getting to a health facility
Make sure friends, family or carers know if you are feeling unwell
Ask friends, family or carers not to visit if you are feeling unwell, particularly with a fever, cough or shortness of breath, until you have got some medical advice, unless you need their help urgently Ask friends, family or carers not to visit you if they feel unwell, particularly with a fever, cough or shortness of breath.
Where can I go for medical help?
There is currently no vaccine or medicine to cure Covid-19
Medical help can be provided to help with the symptoms of Covid-19 if you become unwell. Most people who catch Covid-19 will recover with medical support
If you feel unwell, do not panic or hide your condition. Seek medical help
If you become seriously unwell with Covid-19 you will need hospital treatment
Make sure you, and your family, friends or carers, know where to go for medical help or advice if you feel unwell with a fever, cough or shortness of breath. The most appropriate place to go for help will depend on where you live and the facilities available.
Please remember: Covid-19 is a serious illness, but there are things we can all do to protect ourselves and others. Taking sensible precautions is important but there is no need to panic