Bowel disorders are conditions that often affect your small intestine. Some of them can also affect other parts of your digestive system, such as your large intestine.

Bowel disorders affect how your body digests and absorbs food. They can cause uncomfortable symptoms, such as diarrhea or constipation. If left untreated, they can potentially lead to further health complications.

Bowel dysfunction can cause a great deal of discomfort and embarrassment, and can aggravate other MS symptoms such as spasticity or bladder dysfunction.

 

Types:

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS); Affects both your small and large intestines.
  • Crohn’s Disease; It’s also an autoimmune disorder in which your body attacks its own healthy tissues. It can damage tissues in your intestines, mouth, and anus.
  • Celiac Disease; is an autoimmune disorder in which gluten triggers a negative reaction.
  • Intestinal Obstruction. It can prevent your digestive system from processing food or passing stool properly.

 

Causes:

  • Environmental factors, such as diet.
  • Microbial and immunologic factors.
  • Family history of crohn’s disease.
  • Being of Jewish descent.

 

 

Symptoms/Signs:

  • Discomfort or pain in your abdomen.
  • Gas and abdominal bloating.
  • Rectal bleeding; finding blood (either bright red or very dark) in your stool.

·         Weakness or fatigue.

 

Prevention:

Bowel regularity generally can be maintained by following a few simple guidelines:

  • Drink adequate amounts of fluids, at least 48 ounces (6 to 8 glasses) of fluids daily.
  • Include plenty of fiber in your diet. Fiber can be obtained from fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads and cereals, and dietary additives such as powdered psyllium preparations.
  • Get some physical activity. It helps keep things moving.
  • Establish a regular time and schedule for emptying the bowels (bowel training/retraining).
  • Discuss remedies such as stool softeners, bulk forming supplements, enemas, suppositories or manual stimulation with your healthcare provider. It may take several weeks to know if these remedies are working. Continuous or regular use of laxatives is generally not recommended.

 

 Treatment:

·         Antidepressants;

·         Antidiarrheal drugs; such asloperamide (Imodium), a kaolin/pectin preparation (Kaopectate), and diphenoxylate /atropine (Lomotil)

·         Antispasmodic drugs; Which help reduce abdominal (stomach) pain and cramping, such as dicyclomine (Bemote, Bentyl, Di-Spaz) and hyoscyamine (LevsinLevbid, NuLev).

Foods that contain soluble fibre include:

  • Oats
  • Barley
  • Rye
  • Fruit: such as bananas and apples
  • Root vegetables: such as carrots and potatoes
  • Golden linseeds

Foods that contain insoluble fibre include:

  • Wholegrain bread
  • Bran
  • Cereals
  • Nuts and seeds (except golden linseeds)

 

Article By eDokita Team

Refrence

  1. Healthline; Judith Marcin, Bowel Disorder Introduction, Types, Symptoms and Causes. 2016 http://www.healthline.com/health/bowel-disorders#Overview1
  2. National Multiple Sclerosis, symptoms, Prevention and Overview of Bowel Problems. 2016 http://www.nationalmssociety.org/Symptoms-Diagnosis/MS-Symptoms/Bowel-Problems
  3. Colon Cancer Alliance, symptoms of Bowel Problem. 2016 http://www.ccalliance.org/get-information/what-is-colon-cancer/symptoms/?gclid=Cj0KEQiAkO7CBRDeqJ_ahuiPrtEBEiQAbYupJeC3cQ_KDSY_-WYxXTL5K-5Z4KoT5sRc_nmObSU94ewaAn4Z8P8HAQ
  4. eMedicine Health, John P. Cunha. DO. FACOEP,, treatment.2016 http://www.emedicinehealth.com/irritable_bowel_syndrome/page7_em.htm
  5. NHS, Foods that contain soluble and in soluble fibre to help treat bowl disorder. 2014 http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Irritable-bowel-syndrome/Pages/Treatment.aspx