Do you often experience pain in your knee? Is it dull or aching? Do you find it difficult to bend or straighten your knee? Knee pain can affect one or both knees, causing dull or aching sensations. It is a common complaint among people especially among the elderly and overweight individuals. It can be caused ageing of the bones, overuse of joint, and injuries or over distributed body weight on the bones. Knee pain can be localized to a specific area of the knee or diffuse throughout the knee. It usually accompanies inflammation which affects all the bony structures, tendons and ligament around the knee joint. The severity of the knee pain can vary, from a minor ache to a severe and disabling pain. This article reveals the best techniques for knee pain management.
However, we start with some of the signs and symptoms that accompany knee pain. These are:
- Swelling and stiffness
- Redness of the skin around the knee
- Warm to touch
- Popping or crunching noises
- Inability to fully straighten the knee
Causes of Knee Pain
- Bone injury: fracture, sprain, strain, dislocation and torn ligament
- Medical conditions: osteoarthritis, gout, infections
- Chronic use /overuse conditions: osteoarthritis, patella syndromes, tendinitis, and bursitis
- Strenuous exercises
Knee Pain Treatment
Basic Self-care measures or home remedies for an injured knee include:
- Take a break from your normal activities to reduce repetitive strain on your knee. This gives the injury time to heal and help prevent further damage.
- Ice reduces both pain and inflammation. Patients can use a bag ice or ice pack wrapped in a thin towel on the surrounding areas of the joints. It is safe and effective in reducing pain and inflammation
- This helps prevent fluid build-up in damaged tissues and maintains knee alignment and stability. Look for a compression bandage that’s lightweight, breathable and self-adhesive. It should be tight enough to support your knee without interfering with circulation.
- To help reduce swelling, try propping your injured leg on pillows or sitting in a recliner.
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You can use Over- counter medications like the following:
- Analgesics: These drugs help to relieve pain e.g. acetaminophen, ibuprofen
- Antibiotics: Patients should use this if pain is related to infection e.g. ampicillin, cefuroxime, azithromycin
- Non –steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS): These drugs reduce inflammation e.g. ibuprofen, indomethacin
- Anti-gout: These drugs help lower the level of uric acid in the blood e.g. colchicine, probenecid, allopurinol
- Corticosteroids injections: These steroids drugs are injected into the swollen joint to reduce inflammation e.g. prednisolone, beclamethasone
This is a procedure doctors carry out to relieve pain especially in patients with osteoarthritis. Acupuncture involves the placement of hair-thin needles in the knee
An injured knee may require surgery depending on its level of damage and severity. Here are some likely surgical options that you might consider.
This involves the removal of loose bodies from the knee joint, repair of damaged cartilage and reconstruction of torn ligaments.
Partial knee replacement surgery
It involves replacement of the most damaged portion of your knee with parts made of metal and plastic. The surgery usually require small incisions so you’re likely to heal more quickly than you are with surgery to replace your entire knee.
Total knee replacement
In this procedure, your surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from the thighbone, shinbone and kneecap, and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.
It is important to let doctors undertake some of these techniques for knee pain management.