Breast cancer is one of the leading cases of cancer in women. Learn these quick facts about breast cancer.
- Breast cancer is the abnormal proliferation of abnormal cells in the breast.
- The month of October is the breast cancer awareness month.
- It is the leading cause of cancer in women worldwide accounting for 25% of all cancer cases.
- The incidence rate per 100,000 in the following countries according to Global Cancer Facts and Figures, 3rd Edition are; the Netherlands: 95.3, France: 94.6, U.S: (white people only – other races have lower incidence): 90, Thailand: 25.6, Algeria: 29.8, India: 30.9.
- In 2012 breast cancer resulted in 68 million new cases and 522,000 deaths
- More cases of breast cancer are diagnosed among Caucasians than in developing countries
- Death rates from breast cancer are, however, higher in developing countries than among Caucasians. This is because of prompt diagnosis and treatment among Caucasians.
- Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in developing countries but is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in developed countries.
- Breast cancer is the most frequently occurring cancer in Nigeria.
- Females are generally more affected than males.
HERE ARE ANOTHER TEN FACTS ABOUT BREAST CANCER
- Less than one percent of all breast cancer cases develop in men, and only one in a thousand men will ever be diagnosed with breast cancer.
- According to S. National Cancer Institute, as a woman, you have a 1 in 8 lifetimes risk of having breast cancer. However, the chances of having breast cancer varies with age;
Age 20-29: 1 in 2,000
for Age 30-39: 1 in 229
Age 40-49: 1 in 68
for Age 50-59: 1 in 37
Age 60-69: 1 in 26
Ever: 1 in 8.
- Having a first-degree relative (mother, sister, or daughter) with breast cancer almost doubles a woman’s risk. Having 2 first-degree relatives increases her risk by 3-folds.
- Other factors that predispose to breast cancer are; obesity, hormone replacement therapy in menopause, delay in having children, birth control pills, early onset of menstruation, delay in reaching menopause, having first pregnancy above the age of 30, not breastfeeding….
- A lump is usually the first symptom you observe. However, this most likely means the cancer has been growing in the person for some months to a year.
- Other symptoms are; nipple inversion, breast redness and swelling, breast ulcers.
- Symptoms of spread to other parts of the body include; cough, jaundice, weight loss, bone pain and abdominal distension.
- Early diagnosis is important in the management of breast cancer.
- Women and men should do regular self-breast examination and routine mammography for early detection of breast cancer.
- Doctors detect breast cancer in men as a hard lump underneath the nipple and areola.
HERE ARE SEVEN MORE FACTS ABOUT BREAST CANCER
- Treatment can be preventive or curative.
- Preventive mastectomy can be done in those people who have positive breast cancer genes (BRACA1&2).
- The cure rate depends on the grade (aggressiveness) or stage (degree of spread throughout the body) of cancer.
- Surgery and radiation treatment is given to patients who their cancer hasn’t spread while chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy are used when there is spread of cancer to other parts of the body.
- Combination of any of the above treatments used by your doctor.
- a 5-year survival rate of breast cancer if it affects just one breast is 90%.
- Finally, early detection improves survival rate.