Dietary excess can lead to various medical conditions. These depends on the particular nutrient that is in excess or result from a general excess of all nutrients.The most common form of over nutrition is obesity.Childhood obesity is a condition in which a child is significantly overweight for his or her age and height.

According to WHO, in 2010, 43 million children (35 million in developing countries) were estimated to be overweight and obese; 92 million were at risk of overweight. The worldwide prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased from 4.2% in 1990 to 6.7% in 2010.   The estimated prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in Africa in 2010 was 8.5% and is expected to reach 12.7% in 2020.There are more than 1.5 million cases of childhood obesity per year in Nigeria.Children within age 6-13 are most affected in Nigeria. It can be a life-long presentation

PRESENTATION

Obese children usually weigh more than the expected weight for age. It should be noted that the charts that represent weights of children are just an estimate and are not truly an accurate measure for children. Also boys and girls have different growth spurts as they grow, thus, they can quickly gain or lose weight at certain periods. The estimated weight for age and height is below;

Female Babies
AgeWeightLength
0 mth7.3 lb (3.3 kg)19.4″ (49.2 cm)
1 mth9.6 lb (4.3 kg)21.2″ (53.8 cm)
2 mth11.7 lb (5.3 kg)22.1″ (56.1 cm)
3 mth13.3 lb (6.0 kg)23.6″ (59.9 cm)
4 mth14.6 lb (6.6 kg)24.5″ (62.2 cm)
5 mth15.8 lb (7.1 kg)25.3″ (64.2 cm)
6 mth16.6 lb (7.5 kg)25.9″ (64.1 cm)
7 mth17.4 lb (7.9 kg)26.5″ (67.3 cm)
8 mth18.1 lb (8.2 kg)27.1″ (68.8 cm)
9 mth18.8 lb (8.5 kg)27.6″ (70.1 cm)
10 mth19.4 lb (8.8 kg)28.2″ (71.6 cm)
11 mth19.9 lb (9.0 kg)28.7″ (72.8 cm)
Female Toddlers
AgeWeightLength
12 mth20.4 lb (9.2 kg)29.2″ (74.1 cm)
13 mth21.0 lb (9.5 kg)29.6″ (75.1 cm)
14 mth21.5 lb (9.7 kg)30.1″ (76.4 cm)
15 mth22.0 lb (9.9 kg)30.6″ (77.7 cm)
16 mth22.5 lb (10.2 kg)30.9″ (78.4 cm)
17 mth23.0 lb (10.4 kg)31.4″ (79.7 cm)
18 mth23.4 lb (10.6 kg)31.8″ (80.7 cm)
19 mth23.9 lb (10.8 kg)32.2″ (81.7 cm)
20 mth24.4 lb (11 kg)32.6″ (82.8 cm)
21 mth24.9 lb (11.3 kg)32.9″ (83.5 cm)
22 mth25.4 lb (11.5 kg)33.4″ (84.8 cm)
23 mth25.9 lb (11.7 kg)33.5″ (85.1 cm)
Female Children
AgeWeightHeight
2 yrs26.5 lb (12.0 kg)33.7″ (85.5 cm)
3 yrs31.5 lb (14.2 kg)37.0″ (94 cm)
4 yrs34.0 lb (15.4 kg)39.5″ (100.3 cm)
5 yrs39.5 lb (17.9 kg)42.5″ (107.9 cm)
6 yrs44.0 lb (19.9 kg)45.5″ (115.5 cm)
7 yrs49.5 lb (22.4 kg)47.7″ (121.1 cm)
8 yrs57.0 lb (25.8 kg)50.5″ (128.2 cm)
9 yrs62.0 lb (28.1 kg)52.5″ (133.3 cm)
10 yrs70.5 lb (31.9 kg)54.5″ (138.4 cm)
11 yrs81.5 lb (36.9 kg)56.7″ (144 cm)
12 yrs91.5 lb (41.5 kg)59.0″ (149.8 cm)
Female Teenagers
AgeWeightHeight
13 yrs101.0 lb (45.8 kg)61.7″ (156.7 cm)
14 yrs105.0 lb (47.6 kg)62.5″ (158.7 cm)
15 yrs115.0 lb (52.1 kg)62.9″ (159.7 cm)
16 yrs118.0 lb (53.5 kg)64.0″ (162.5 cm)
17 yrs120.0 lb (54.4 kg)64.0″ (162.5 cm)
18 yrs125.0 lb (56.7 kg)64.2″ (163 cm)
19 yrs126.0 lb (57.1 kg)64.2″ (163 cm)
20 yrs128.0 lb (58.0 kg)64.3″ (163.3 cm)

 

Male Babies
AgeWeightLength
0 mth7.4 lb (3.3 kg)19.6″ (49.8 cm)
1 mth9.8 lb (4.4 kg)21.6″ (54.8 cm)
2 mth12.3 lb (5.6 kg)23.0″ (58.4 cm)
3 mth14.1 lb (6.4 kg)24.2″ (61.4 cm)
4 mth15.4 lb (7 kg)25.2″ (64 cm)
5 mth16.6 lb (7.5 kg)26.0″ (66 cm)
6 mth17.5 lb (7.9 kg)26.6″ (67.5 cm)
7 mth18.3 lb (8.3 kg)27.2″ (69 cm)
8 yrs19.0 lb (8.6 kg)27.8″ (70.6 cm)
9 mth19.6 lb (8.9 kg)28.3″ (71.8 cm)
10 mth20.1 lb (9.1 kg)28.8″ (73.1 cm)
11 mth20.8 lb (9.4 kg)29.3″ (74.4 cm)
Male Toddlers
AgeWeightLength
12 mth21.3 lb (9.6 kg)29.8″ (75.7 cm)
13 mth21.8 lb (9.9 kg)30.3″ (76.9 cm)
14 mth22.3 lb (10.1 kg)30.7″ (77.9 cm)
15 mth22.7 lb (10.3 kg)31.2″ (79.2 cm)
16 mth23.2 lb (10.5 kg)31.6″ (80.2 cm)
17 mth23.7 lb (10.7 kg)32.0″ (81.2 cm)
18 mth24.1 lb (10.9 kg)32.4″ (82.2 cm)
19 mth24.6 lb (11.2 kg)32.8″ (83.3 cm)
20 mth25.0 lb (11.3 kg)33.1″ (84 cm)
21 mth25.5 lb (11.5 kg)33.5″ (85 cm)
22 mth25.9 lb (11.7 kg)33.9″ (86.1 cm)
23 mth26.3 lb (11.9 kg)34.2″ (86.8 cm)
Male Children
AgeWeightHeight
2 yrs27.5 lb (12.5 kg)34.2″ (86.8 cm)
3 yrs31.0 lb (14.0 kg)37.5″ (95.2 cm)
4 yrs36.0 lb (16.3 kg)40.3″ (102.3 cm)
5 yrs40.5 lb (18.4 kg)43.0″ (109.2 cm)
6 yrs45.5 lb (20.6 kg)45.5″ (115.5 cm)
7 yrs50.5 lb (22.9 kg)48.0″ (121.9 cm)
8 yrs56.5 lb (25.6 kg)50.4″ (128 cm)
9 yrs63.0 lb (28.6 kg)52.5″ (133.3 cm)
10 yrs70.5 lb (32 kg)54.5″ (138.4 cm)
11 yrs78.5 lb (35.6 kg)56.5″ (143.5 cm)
12 yrs88.0 lb (39.9 kg)58.7″ (149.1 cm)
Male Teenagers
AgeWeightHeight
13 yrs100.0 lb (45.3 kg)61.5″ (156.2 cm)
14 yrs112.0 lb (50.8 kg)64.5″ (163.8 cm)
15 yrs123.5 lb (56.0 kg)67.0″ (170.1 cm)
16 yrs134.0 lb (60.8 kg)68.3″ (173.4 cm)
17 yrs142.0 lb (64.4 kg)69.0″ (175.2 cm)
18 yrs147.5 lb (66.9 kg)69.2″ (175.7 cm)
19 yrs152.0 lb (68.9 kg)69.5″ (176.5 cm)
20 yrs155.0 lb (70.3 kg)69.7″ (177 cm)

*Information and data for above growth charts sourced from The World Health Organization (WHO), Gerontology Research Center (National Institutes of Health, USA), and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

 

MANAGEMENT

No lab tests are required for the diagnosis of obesity.It is important to note that babies, children, and teenagers are different in the way they mature and grow during their teen years.Dieting for teens is not recommended as quite often you will find they will simply “grow out” or their “baby fat” as they mature into young adults.Certain measures can however be in place to ensure that they live a healthy life.

It is important you;

  • Encourage moderate intensity physical activity such as; brisk walking, playing tag, jumping rope, playing soccer, swimming and dancing.
  • Provide plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain products.
  • Include low-fat or non-fat milk or dairy products.
  • Choose lean meats, poultry, fish, lentils, and beans for protein.
  • Serve reasonably-sized portions.
  • Encourage your family to drink lots of water.
  • Limit sugar-sweetened beverages.
  • Limit consumption of sugar and saturated fat.
  • Reduce calories rich meals
  • Give healthy snacks like fruits and fruit shakes.
  • Limit sedentary time (television time) to less than 2 hours a day, encourage more physical activities with family members instead.

It is important to check with your doctor before you remove certain meals from your child’s diet, this is to ensure the child doesn’t become deficient in some nutrients.