Dietary excess can lead to various medical conditions. These depends on the particular nutrient that is in excess or result from a general excess of all nutrients.The most common form of over nutrition is obesity.Childhood obesity is a condition in which a child is significantly overweight for his or her age and height.

According to WHO, in 2010, 43 million children (35 million in developing countries) were estimated to be overweight and obese; 92 million were at risk of overweight. The worldwide prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased from 4.2% in 1990 to 6.7% in 2010.   The estimated prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in Africa in 2010 was 8.5% and is expected to reach 12.7% in 2020.There are more than 1.5 million cases of childhood obesity per year in Nigeria.Children within age 6-13 are most affected in Nigeria. It can be a life-long presentation

PRESENTATION

Obese children usually weigh more than the expected weight for age. It should be noted that the charts that represent weights of children are just an estimate and are not truly an accurate measure for children. Also boys and girls have different growth spurts as they grow, thus, they can quickly gain or lose weight at certain periods. The estimated weight for age and height is below;

Female Babies
Age Weight Length
0 mth 7.3 lb (3.3 kg) 19.4″ (49.2 cm)
1 mth 9.6 lb (4.3 kg) 21.2″ (53.8 cm)
2 mth 11.7 lb (5.3 kg) 22.1″ (56.1 cm)
3 mth 13.3 lb (6.0 kg) 23.6″ (59.9 cm)
4 mth 14.6 lb (6.6 kg) 24.5″ (62.2 cm)
5 mth 15.8 lb (7.1 kg) 25.3″ (64.2 cm)
6 mth 16.6 lb (7.5 kg) 25.9″ (64.1 cm)
7 mth 17.4 lb (7.9 kg) 26.5″ (67.3 cm)
8 mth 18.1 lb (8.2 kg) 27.1″ (68.8 cm)
9 mth 18.8 lb (8.5 kg) 27.6″ (70.1 cm)
10 mth 19.4 lb (8.8 kg) 28.2″ (71.6 cm)
11 mth 19.9 lb (9.0 kg) 28.7″ (72.8 cm)
Female Toddlers
Age Weight Length
12 mth 20.4 lb (9.2 kg) 29.2″ (74.1 cm)
13 mth 21.0 lb (9.5 kg) 29.6″ (75.1 cm)
14 mth 21.5 lb (9.7 kg) 30.1″ (76.4 cm)
15 mth 22.0 lb (9.9 kg) 30.6″ (77.7 cm)
16 mth 22.5 lb (10.2 kg) 30.9″ (78.4 cm)
17 mth 23.0 lb (10.4 kg) 31.4″ (79.7 cm)
18 mth 23.4 lb (10.6 kg) 31.8″ (80.7 cm)
19 mth 23.9 lb (10.8 kg) 32.2″ (81.7 cm)
20 mth 24.4 lb (11 kg) 32.6″ (82.8 cm)
21 mth 24.9 lb (11.3 kg) 32.9″ (83.5 cm)
22 mth 25.4 lb (11.5 kg) 33.4″ (84.8 cm)
23 mth 25.9 lb (11.7 kg) 33.5″ (85.1 cm)
Female Children
Age Weight Height
2 yrs 26.5 lb (12.0 kg) 33.7″ (85.5 cm)
3 yrs 31.5 lb (14.2 kg) 37.0″ (94 cm)
4 yrs 34.0 lb (15.4 kg) 39.5″ (100.3 cm)
5 yrs 39.5 lb (17.9 kg) 42.5″ (107.9 cm)
6 yrs 44.0 lb (19.9 kg) 45.5″ (115.5 cm)
7 yrs 49.5 lb (22.4 kg) 47.7″ (121.1 cm)
8 yrs 57.0 lb (25.8 kg) 50.5″ (128.2 cm)
9 yrs 62.0 lb (28.1 kg) 52.5″ (133.3 cm)
10 yrs 70.5 lb (31.9 kg) 54.5″ (138.4 cm)
11 yrs 81.5 lb (36.9 kg) 56.7″ (144 cm)
12 yrs 91.5 lb (41.5 kg) 59.0″ (149.8 cm)
Female Teenagers
Age Weight Height
13 yrs 101.0 lb (45.8 kg) 61.7″ (156.7 cm)
14 yrs 105.0 lb (47.6 kg) 62.5″ (158.7 cm)
15 yrs 115.0 lb (52.1 kg) 62.9″ (159.7 cm)
16 yrs 118.0 lb (53.5 kg) 64.0″ (162.5 cm)
17 yrs 120.0 lb (54.4 kg) 64.0″ (162.5 cm)
18 yrs 125.0 lb (56.7 kg) 64.2″ (163 cm)
19 yrs 126.0 lb (57.1 kg) 64.2″ (163 cm)
20 yrs 128.0 lb (58.0 kg) 64.3″ (163.3 cm)

 

Male Babies
Age Weight Length
0 mth 7.4 lb (3.3 kg) 19.6″ (49.8 cm)
1 mth 9.8 lb (4.4 kg) 21.6″ (54.8 cm)
2 mth 12.3 lb (5.6 kg) 23.0″ (58.4 cm)
3 mth 14.1 lb (6.4 kg) 24.2″ (61.4 cm)
4 mth 15.4 lb (7 kg) 25.2″ (64 cm)
5 mth 16.6 lb (7.5 kg) 26.0″ (66 cm)
6 mth 17.5 lb (7.9 kg) 26.6″ (67.5 cm)
7 mth 18.3 lb (8.3 kg) 27.2″ (69 cm)
8 yrs 19.0 lb (8.6 kg) 27.8″ (70.6 cm)
9 mth 19.6 lb (8.9 kg) 28.3″ (71.8 cm)
10 mth 20.1 lb (9.1 kg) 28.8″ (73.1 cm)
11 mth 20.8 lb (9.4 kg) 29.3″ (74.4 cm)
Male Toddlers
Age Weight Length
12 mth 21.3 lb (9.6 kg) 29.8″ (75.7 cm)
13 mth 21.8 lb (9.9 kg) 30.3″ (76.9 cm)
14 mth 22.3 lb (10.1 kg) 30.7″ (77.9 cm)
15 mth 22.7 lb (10.3 kg) 31.2″ (79.2 cm)
16 mth 23.2 lb (10.5 kg) 31.6″ (80.2 cm)
17 mth 23.7 lb (10.7 kg) 32.0″ (81.2 cm)
18 mth 24.1 lb (10.9 kg) 32.4″ (82.2 cm)
19 mth 24.6 lb (11.2 kg) 32.8″ (83.3 cm)
20 mth 25.0 lb (11.3 kg) 33.1″ (84 cm)
21 mth 25.5 lb (11.5 kg) 33.5″ (85 cm)
22 mth 25.9 lb (11.7 kg) 33.9″ (86.1 cm)
23 mth 26.3 lb (11.9 kg) 34.2″ (86.8 cm)
Male Children
Age Weight Height
2 yrs 27.5 lb (12.5 kg) 34.2″ (86.8 cm)
3 yrs 31.0 lb (14.0 kg) 37.5″ (95.2 cm)
4 yrs 36.0 lb (16.3 kg) 40.3″ (102.3 cm)
5 yrs 40.5 lb (18.4 kg) 43.0″ (109.2 cm)
6 yrs 45.5 lb (20.6 kg) 45.5″ (115.5 cm)
7 yrs 50.5 lb (22.9 kg) 48.0″ (121.9 cm)
8 yrs 56.5 lb (25.6 kg) 50.4″ (128 cm)
9 yrs 63.0 lb (28.6 kg) 52.5″ (133.3 cm)
10 yrs 70.5 lb (32 kg) 54.5″ (138.4 cm)
11 yrs 78.5 lb (35.6 kg) 56.5″ (143.5 cm)
12 yrs 88.0 lb (39.9 kg) 58.7″ (149.1 cm)
Male Teenagers
Age Weight Height
13 yrs 100.0 lb (45.3 kg) 61.5″ (156.2 cm)
14 yrs 112.0 lb (50.8 kg) 64.5″ (163.8 cm)
15 yrs 123.5 lb (56.0 kg) 67.0″ (170.1 cm)
16 yrs 134.0 lb (60.8 kg) 68.3″ (173.4 cm)
17 yrs 142.0 lb (64.4 kg) 69.0″ (175.2 cm)
18 yrs 147.5 lb (66.9 kg) 69.2″ (175.7 cm)
19 yrs 152.0 lb (68.9 kg) 69.5″ (176.5 cm)
20 yrs 155.0 lb (70.3 kg) 69.7″ (177 cm)

*Information and data for above growth charts sourced from The World Health Organization (WHO), Gerontology Research Center (National Institutes of Health, USA), and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

 

MANAGEMENT

No lab tests are required for the diagnosis of obesity.It is important to note that babies, children, and teenagers are different in the way they mature and grow during their teen years.Dieting for teens is not recommended as quite often you will find they will simply “grow out” or their “baby fat” as they mature into young adults.Certain measures can however be in place to ensure that they live a healthy life.

It is important you;

  • Encourage moderate intensity physical activity such as; brisk walking, playing tag, jumping rope, playing soccer, swimming and dancing.
  • Provide plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain products.
  • Include low-fat or non-fat milk or dairy products.
  • Choose lean meats, poultry, fish, lentils, and beans for protein.
  • Serve reasonably-sized portions.
  • Encourage your family to drink lots of water.
  • Limit sugar-sweetened beverages.
  • Limit consumption of sugar and saturated fat.
  • Reduce calories rich meals
  • Give healthy snacks like fruits and fruit shakes.
  • Limit sedentary time (television time) to less than 2 hours a day, encourage more physical activities with family members instead.

It is important to check with your doctor before you remove certain meals from your child’s diet, this is to ensure the child doesn’t become deficient in some nutrients.

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