Urinary tract infection is an infection of any part of the urinary system i.e. Kidney, urethra,urinary bladder. It affects both male and female but most infection affects the lower urinary tract especially the urethra and the bladder. Women are usually at higher risk of developing urinary infection than men because of the anatomical position of the anus to the urethra. Urinary tract infection results when bacteria from the anus enters the urethra during poor personal hygiene, sexual intercourse or catheter use. Below are common signs of urinary tract infection that you should know.
- Painful urination: An uncomfortable burning sensation during urination is one of the common signs of urinary tract infection, it is otherwise called dysuria. This sharp pain can be felt around the urethra or perineum, it occurs has a result of the action of the bacteria on the lining of the urethra or bladder causing the acidic urine to act like an alcohol over a cut.
- Frequency of urination: This is experienced often due to the irritability of the bladder in holding urine for longer periods. The bladder is said to be overactive or over reactive to the activity of the bacteria and as such causes urgency in the need to pass urine. This is why people with urinary tract infection find themselves using the toilet more often than usual.If you find that you go to the bathroom more than eight times in 24 hours, including a couple times overnight, could be one of the symptoms of a urinary infection.
- Strong persistent urge to pee: Infection in the urinary tract causes an overwhelming urge to use the toilet all the time. This occurs as a result of the contraction of the muscles of the bladder before it is filled with urine which causes uncontrolled urge to hold back urine till it is convenient to use the toilet. Most people with urinary infection may experience accidents and leaks before reaching the toilet seat.
- Cloudy urine: The colour of urine is a normal straw or amber which could be altered due to wastes from medications, excess water, drinks from foods consumed. Infection in the urinary tract indicates a cloudy urine with small whitish debris which is why a urine test is used for diagnosis of urinary tract infection.
- Foul odour: If you notice a distinct change in your pee odour without any change in diet or medication use, it shows that there is an infection in your urinary system. While sweet-smelling urine could indicate uncontrolled diabetes and a spike in blood glucose levels, foul-smelling pee could indicate the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract or an infection in your bladder.
- Soreness in the lower abdomen and sides: The type of pain experienced could also indicate where the infection has taken place. Pain in the back and side could signal a kidney infection or pyelonephritis. Pressure in the pelvic area or lower abdomen is a symptom of a bladder infection also known as cystitis . In men, an infection in the urethra, or arthritis, is accompanied by irritation and soreness at the tip of the penis and is a common occurrence, with 80,000 cases diagnosed every year. Pain in and around the abdomen and sides reflects urinary tract infection.