Are you young yet have a dull glow-less skin? Do you feel horrific having noticed wrinkles, dark spots, and open pores on your skin? Is your skin sagging? If yes, then this article is for you, as you might be undergoing premature ageing. For one reason or the other, a lot of people dread the word ‘ageing’ or ‘old’. Ageing is a process that happens over time, irrespective of your age, status, country or sex. In this article, I will be showing you major signs of premature ageing and what causes it.
What is Premature Ageing?
Ageing is generally the process whereby living organisms grow older. It happens at a different time for everyone and signs might also differ, depending on your genetics, lifestyle, diet and environment, but when it occurs before you turn 35 then it may be considered as premature ageing.
5 Major Signs of Premature Ageing
- A dull glow-less skin: A pale looking skin is one of the major signs of ageing. The skin becomes dull and dry because the body can no longer shed dead skin cells as often as it used too, causing a build up of dead skin cells.
- Dark spots: Dark spots also known as sunspots or hyperpigmentation is usually caused by exposure to intense and direct sunlight over time. Other causes of dark spots are injuries and acne. They appear, particularly on the skin, neck, and back.
- Wrinkles and lines: Wrinkles are also major signs of ageing. They may be in the form of small lines, fine lines, scaly skin, they appear as a result of the loss of collagen.
- Sagging skin: The skin begins to lose its elasticity because the body can no longer produce a sufficient amount of collagen and elastin needed for the body to remain firm. Frequent fluctuations in body weight might also cause the skin to sag.
- Loss of skin volume: There will be shrinkage and loss of volume around the face and other parts of the body such as the thighs, arm, and neck. Thinning will occur around the tips and eye bags.
Causes of Premature Ageing
1 Poor dietary habits: Many people consume junk and poorly prepared food, nutrient-poor food, out of a busy lifestyle, taste of food or for the pleasure of eating and such foods which usually have low nutritional value to our health. Some of these foods speed up ageing process. The nutrients required by the body needs to function properly is therefore unavailable. Unhealthy dietary habit is one major factor that promotes ageing. Eating foods with excessive sugars, fats, and processed foods causes ageing with time.
2 Glycation: Glycation which refers to the bonding of a sugar molecule to a protein or lipid molecule without enzymatic regulation, is one of the major factors that influence ageing. You may be wondering how. Sugar (glucose, sucrose), attaches to protein or lipid molecules in your bloodstream, causing harmful molecules to be formed. These molecules are known as Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs). They are able to damage collagen and elastin responsible for keeping the body firm.
3 Stress: Lack of proper rest and sleep when required by the body, triggers stress hormones which are able to contribute to your body ageing faster than expected. Stress drains our energy level and weakens the body’s immune system, promoting illnesses that aid ageing process.
4 Lifestyle: Your lifestyle in no doubt, contributes to ageing. The toxins in cigarettes cause the body to wrinkle as carbon monoxide binds to heamoglobin, causing skin discoloration over time. Alcohol consumption causes dehydration. It also decreases the elimination of estrogen from the liver causing an accumulation of estrogen in the body. Drug abuse generally weakens the immune system. Having a sedentary lifestyle, use of body care products that contain harmful chemicals that are very harsh to the skin.
5 Environment: The weather condition of your environment may also influence your ageing. An environment with high intensity of the sunlight can cause UV rays to penetrate the skin causing serious damage to skin cells which eventually accelerates ageing process likewise a cold environment When the body can no longer produce collagen and elastin, wrinkling and thinning of the skin begins to unfold.