The term “Eczema” describes a group of related conditions when people use it. Most times, people refer to a type called atopic dermatitis when they report to have eczema. Other types include contact dermatitis, in which rashes on the skin are triggered by irritants. Most people confuse eczema with psoriasis because both conditions lead to itchy, dry skin but basically, psoriasis is an autoimmune condition and eczema caused by allergic reactions. It’s likely to have eczema if your parent or family member has eczema, hay fever or asthma.

Symptoms

Common symptoms of eczema include:

  • Patches of red, dry and itchy skin
  • Rashes that appears prominently on the neck, face, or nape of the neck
  • Bumps or blisters that crust over or ooze fluid
  • Areas of skin that are thick, scaly or hard leather-like. Scratching further irritates your skin, increase swellings, and make itchiness worse.

 Triggers

  • Stress
  • Dryness of the skin that makes you wants to scratch
  • Frequent shower can result to a dry, itchy skin
  • Sudden change in temperature. With cold air, your skin becomes dry and an increase with heat increase sweating.
  • Skin allergens such as dust mites, cigarette smoke may irritate your skin.
  • Some types of soap and make up products can irritate your skin
  • Certain dairy products, eggs, soy products, wheats can trigger flare-ups

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 Types

This article has focused on atopic dermatitis. Other types of eczema include

  • Allergic contact dermatitis: A skin reaction following contact with a substance or allergen which the immune system finds foreign.
  • Dyshidrotic eczema: Irritation of the skin on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet associated with blisters.
  • Neurodermatitis eczema: results to scaly patches of skin on the head, forearms, wrists, and lower legs. It is caused by a localized itch, such as an insect bite.
  • Nummular eczema: Evidenced by circular patches of irritated skin. It can be crusted, scaly, and itchy.
  • Seborrheic eczema: Appears in a form of oily, scaly, yellowish patches of skin, usually on the scalp and face.
  • Stasis dermatitis: Irritation of the lower leg with associated circulatory problems.

Treatment

The aim of treatment is to reduce pain, itching, inflammation and moisturize the skin. There is no specific cure or eczema. Eczema fades away over time; you should notice improvement in symptoms after 3 weeks of treatment. Options include:

  • Light therapy
  • This reduces redness, pain and swelling. This can be a topical cream or pill. Use of antihistamines will reduce itching, or antibiotics to cure skin infections.
  • Do not scratch. This will only get your symptoms worse. Maintain short fingernails and pat on your skin to relieve itching instead of scratching.
  • Keep a moist skin. Take adequate fluids, use lotion, cream, or ointment on your skin immediately after a bath or shower
  • Use mild soap and take showers with warm water for 10 minutes or less
  • Wear clean loose-fitting cotton clothes
  • Avoid changes in temperature especially activities that will make you sweat a lot as this can result to itching.
  • Avoid eczema triggers. Stay away from allergens and skin irritants like make up, perfume that itches or burns your skin.

 

 

About Dr Habeeb Ali Tunde

Dr. Habeeb Ali Tunde provides the most effective treatments to patients by integrating both conventional and alternative medicine that address all aspects of pain and wellness.

Read more

Follow Dr Habeeb Tunde Ali

Facebook – Dr. Habeeb Ali

Twitter – Dr. Habeeb Ali

YouTube: Dr Habeeb Ali

Website: Dr. Habeeb Tunde Ali

Mentioned on Tribune Online News – Dr. Habeeb Tunde Ali