Obesity has always been discussed generally; the prevalence and the health effect among men ought to be discussed too. Obesity is known as a significant risk factor in some disease such as: heart attack, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, gallstones, cancer, obstructive sleep apnea, osteoarthritis and depression. Men gather excess fat around the waist where it circulates the liver to cause metabolic problems.
Obese men are particularly burdened because it takes
a toll on their reproductive health and prostate health.
Overeating and lack of exercise has been identified as one of the major causes of obesity. Men eat more than they need for their physical activities sometimes. Genetic factor was also identified though it is rare to be a risk factor as sometimes even people who carry genes associated with obesity don’t become overweight, and vice versa.
EFFECTS OF OBESITY ON MEN’S HEALTH
- Kidney stones: Stones affect men twice as women. Men with higher BMI and higher weight circumferences are linked to an increased risk of kidney stones. Research carried out in Europe and Asia shows overweight men has excess calcium and other chemicals in their urine where the chemicals form stones.
- Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: This becomes common when men get older but increase in girth also increases the risk. Men with large waist circumference has higher risk of developing BPH symptoms and they will more likely need surgery than lean men.
- Reproductive Function: Obesity impairs fertility as it is linked to low sperm counts and also reduce sperm motility
- Prostate Cancer: Research from around the world shows that extra body fat increases a man’s risk of developing prostate cancer.An American Cancer Society study of 404,576 men demonstrated the link: being overweight increases a man’s risk by 8%, being obese boosts risk by 20%, and being severely obese increases risk by 34%. And that’s not all. Obesity increases the odds that prostate cancer will spread beyond the gland, and it also makes relapse after treatment more likely. In addition, obesity boosts a man’s chance of developing urinary incontinence after a radical prostatectomy operation. Overweight men tend to put off medical care and they have lower Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) levels, so delayed diagnosis is part of the explanation.
- Obesity and Testosterone: Testosterone is the male major hormone responsible for puberty such as, large muscles, deep voice, and development of male reproductive organ, libido and sperm production. Obesity lowers testosterone levels. For example, a 2007 study of 1,667 men ages 40 and above found that each one-point increase in BMI was associated with a 2% decrease in testosterone. In addition, a 2008 study of 1,862 men ages 30 and above found that waist circumference was an even stronger predictor of low testosterone levels than BMI. A four-inch increase in waist size increased a man’s odds of
having a low testosterone level by 75%; for comparison, 10 years of aging increased the odds by only 36%. All in all, waist circumference was the strongest single predictor of developing symptoms of testosterone deficiency.
HOW TO CALCULATE BODY MASS INDEX.
The BMI gives a reasonable estimate of overall body fat. A BMI between 25 and 30 puts you in the overweight category, while a reading of 30 or more says you’re obese. But the BMI doesn’t tell you how your fat is distributed. Scientists know that while no excess body fat is good, abdominal fat is the most harmful variety. So to find out if you are at risk, simply measure your waist at your navel; for men, risk begins to rise at waist circumferences above 37.5 inches, and troubles mount over 40 inches.
The BMI is calculated by :a person’s height and weight. The formula is BMI = kg/m2 where kg is a person’s weight in kilograms and m2 is their height in meters squared.
A BMI of 25.0 or more is overweight, while the healthy range is 18.5 to 24.9. BMI applies to most adults 18-65 years.
TIPS ON HOW TO LOSE WEIGHT
- Combination of a weight reducing diet (not crash diets) with physical activity.
- Adjust your diet to take in fewer calories and ramp up your exercise to burn off more calories.
- A group environment (some men may prefer men-only groups) with some individually tailored advice
- Use of behavioral change techniques such as goal-setting or self-monitoring.