is a disease process that involves the growth of abnormal cells which has the
potential to spread to other parts of the body. These abnormal cells causes
changes in the surrounding tissues and gain access to lymphs and blood vessels
that carry the cells to other areas of the body.
all cancers are preventable such as naturally occurring radiation and
hereditary but most cases of cancer are due to environmental factors and THEY
is estimated that almost one third of all cancers worldwide could be prevented
through primary prevention. What primary prevention means is that you can
prevent the onset of the disease. They are the measures you apply to prevent
the disease from occurring. On the other end, secondary prevention are the
measures you can use to intervene and hopefully put an end to the disease.
Primary Prevention of Cancer
a healthy weight throughout life: Obesity is clearly associated with the
development of endometrial cancer, postmenopausal breast cancers, colon, oesophagus
and kidney cancers.
a healthy diet: It is advisable to keep a healthy balanced diet. A high caloric
dietary intake is associated with increased cancer risk. It is healthy for you
to eat plenty of vegetables, fruits & whole grain. Dietary substances that
include fats, alcohol, red and processed meats have been proved to increase the
risk of cancer.
known carcinogens: carcinogens are substances that are capable of causing
cancer in lignin tissue. Choose foods and beverages in amount that will help
achieve a healthy weight.
not Smoke & reduce alcohol intake: smoking is strongly associated with
cancer of the lungs, head and neck, oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, cervix,
kidney & bladder. For example, tobacco smoke includes more than 60
chemicals that are known carcinogens.
your physical activity: Engage in atleast 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous
physical activity in a day.
excessive exposure to ultraviolent rays of the sun & ionizing radiation:
This increases the risk of skin cancer especially in fair skinned people.
Secondary Prevention of Cancer
Screening: Available ones are cervical screening to examine the cervix in order
to early detect and stop the course of the disease. Also mammography for breast
Detection Activities: Breast and Testicular self examination to detect
deviations from normal. Also ensure regular follow-ups as required