is a disease process that involves the growth of abnormal cells which has the
potential to spread to other parts of the body. These abnormal cells causes
changes in the surrounding tissues and gain access to lymphs and blood vessels
that carry the cells to other areas of the body.

all cancers are preventable such as naturally occurring radiation and
hereditary but most cases of cancer are due to environmental factors and THEY

is estimated that almost one third of all cancers worldwide could be prevented
through primary prevention. What primary prevention means is that you can
prevent the onset of the disease. They are the measures you apply to prevent
the disease from occurring. On the other end, secondary prevention are the
measures you can use to intervene and hopefully put an end to the disease.

Primary Prevention of Cancer

  • Maintain
    a healthy weight throughout life: Obesity is clearly associated with the
    development of endometrial cancer, postmenopausal breast cancers, colon, oesophagus
    and kidney cancers.
  • Maintain
    a healthy diet: It is advisable to keep a healthy balanced diet. A high caloric
    dietary intake is associated with increased cancer risk. It is healthy for you
    to eat plenty of vegetables, fruits & whole grain. Dietary substances that
    include fats, alcohol, red and processed meats have been proved to increase the
    risk of cancer.
  • Avoid
    known carcinogens: carcinogens are substances that are capable of causing
    cancer in lignin tissue. Choose foods and beverages in amount that will help
    achieve a healthy weight.
  • Do
    not Smoke & reduce alcohol intake: smoking is strongly associated with
    cancer of the lungs, head and neck, oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, cervix,
    kidney & bladder. For example, tobacco smoke includes more than 60
    chemicals that are known carcinogens.
  • Improve
    your physical activity: Engage in atleast 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous
    physical activity in a day.
  • Avoid
    excessive exposure to ultraviolent rays of the sun & ionizing radiation:
    This increases the risk of skin cancer especially in fair skinned people.

Secondary Prevention of Cancer

  • Routine
    Screening: Available ones are cervical screening to examine the cervix in order
    to early detect and stop the course of the disease. Also mammography for breast
  • Early
    Detection Activities: Breast and Testicular self examination to detect
    deviations from normal. Also ensure regular follow-ups as required