Having a regularized diet plan when one has diabetes is working towards to maintaining normal blood glucose. This could be difficult as one will get too  watch what is being ingested, this together with physical activity and medication regimen will put diabetes in check and one will live an healthy life away with symptoms and complications and diabetes.

Carbohydrates, protein and fat are the major nutrients that we get from our everyday diet and the diagnosis of diabetes does not affect the basic nutrients we should get from our everyday diet. It just needs to be monitored in this case. The sources of these nutrients, the volume of the food has to be taken into cognizance, smaller portion three times daily is best advised as the end products of meals are the most paramount thing.


  • It helps to normalize blood glucose level.
  • It helps to normalize blood pressure and also put cholesterol level in check.
  • It helps to maintain a healthy weight.
  • It prevents complications such as kidney and nerve damage.
  • Absence of symptoms increases the quality of life.

The best foods to include in the diet are:

PROTEIN: essential in physiological process and immunological function

  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Nuts
  • Peas and dried beans
  • Dairy products such as milk and cheese

CARBOHYDRATES: glucose from healthy carbohydrates provides energy

  • Fruits such as apple
  • Vegetables such as broccoli, carrots and tomatoes
  • Whole grains such as wheat, rice, corn.

FIBER: It aids digestion and controls blood sugar level

  • Leafy Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Legumes such as peas

FATS: Unsaturated ted fats can help lower blood cholesterol

  • Nuts
  • Avocados
  • Olive and peanut oils.


Fish: fishes such as sardine, salmon and mackerel are very good in the diet of a diabetic as they help in protecting the heart by reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke. Omega 3 fatty acids found in these fishes helps reduce inflammation in the arteries by protecting the cells that line the blood vessels.

Leafy Vegetables: These have various functions. Asides from being basically nutritious and low in calories. They contain vitamin C and minerals which was studied to reduce fasting blood sugar level in people with type 2 diabetes and also reduce inflammation in people with high blood pressure

It also contains anti-oxidants that promote cell functions thereby protecting the eyes from macular degeneration which is a complication of diabetes.

Eggs: They reduce the risk of heart disease by reducing inflammation and maintaining cholesterol levels and also improve insulin sensitivity. A study revealed people who have type 2 diabetes who consumed an egg a day showed remarkably adjustments in blood sugar and cholesterol levels

It also contains Lutein and Zeaxanthin the anti-oxidants that protects the eyes from complication of diabetes.

Nuts: Nuts are low in digestible carbohydrates which will help in controlling blood sugar levels and also contains fiber .Consumption of Nuts such as almonds, walnuts and hazel nuts may help reduce inflammation and also lower blood sugar level. Walnut has been found to help maintain a healthy weight

Olive oil: Olive oil has been found to reduce heart disease risk. The contain polyphenols that helps reduce inflammation, protects the lining of the vessels and maintain cholesterol level and also decrease blood pressure. Extra virgin oil is the brand of olive that has all this benefits, one should avoid picking an olive oil that has been adulterated with other oils.