November 17, 2017
Congenital Disorders; How to prevent birth defects
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Pregnancy can be desired or undesired. Approximately 40% of pregnancies worldwide accounting for 85 million pregnancies, were unintended in 2012. 21.6 million women experience unsafe abortion worldwide each year with associated complications, while 18.5 million of these occur in developing countries. In addition, 47 000 women die from complications of unsafe abortion each year. There are various ways to prevent pregnancy. These are;
This is the practice of refraining from some or all aspects of sexual activity. Most of all, this is the only method that is 100% safe and effective. It is the best method for unmarried people.
This method doesn’t require the use of devices or drugs. They include
This involves the use of
These are drugs a woman takes every day to avoid pregnancy. They work by preventing the sperm from meeting the egg and some inhibit ovulation. Some of the types of drugs you can use are;
These are injections women take every 2 or 3 months depending on the type your health provider prescribes. They help to prevent the release of eggs from the ovary (ovulation).
This is a form of long-acting reversible contraception for women. It is usually a small t-shaped device covered with copper or contains hormones. It can last for 5 years. Less than 1 in 100 women will get pregnant in a year, depending on the type of IUD.
These are hormone-based forms of contraceptives a woman usually insert in the arm. They inhibit release of eggs from the ovary (ovulation). It can last 3-5years. This depends on the type your care provider prescribes. Less than 1 in 100 women using the implant will get pregnant in a year.
In conclusion, it is important to note that contraceptives are not 100% effective. As a result, if a man ejaculates near the vagina of a woman, there is a possibility of getting pregnant (though very rare)once the environment is conducive for the sperm and the woman is in her peri-ovulatory or ovulatory period.
1)Killick SR, Leary C, Trussell J, Guthrie KA (2011). “Sperm content of pre-ejaculatory fluid”. Human Fertility. 14 (1): 48–52. PMC 3564677 Freely accessible.PMID 21155689. doi:10.3109/14647273.2010.520798.