November 17, 2017
Congenital Disorders; How to prevent birth defects
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Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomas. If many granulomas form in an organ, they can affect how the organ works. Sarcoidosis occurs worldwide, with a prevalence of about 4.7-64 in 100,000, and an incidence of 1.0-35.5 in 100,000 per year
This disease may be triggered by your body’s immune system responding to foreign substances, such as viruses, bacteria, or chemicals. The areas of the body commonly affected by sarcoidosis include:
Sarcoidosis is more common in women than in men and rarely occurs in children. People with a family history of sarcoidosis have a significantly higher risk of getting the disease.
The signs and symptoms depend on the organ involved. Often there are no, or only mild, symptoms. However, general symptoms may include:
sarcoidosis cannot be prevented, but some preventative measures may reduce complication. These are:
Diagnosis of sarcoidosis depends on the type of presentation, affected organs, age of the patient and ethnic origin/recent travel history. It can occasionally be made on clinical grounds without a confirmatory biopsy when very specific clinical findings are present.
However, in some cases, the diagnosis may require histological evidence of granulomatous inflammation, exclusion of alternative causes, and evidence of systemic disease.
Furthermore, based on the findings, additional diagnostic tests may be ordered by your Doctor. For example:
There’s no cure for sarcoidosis. However, symptoms often improve without treatment. The Doctor may prescribe medications if your inflammation is severe. These can include corticosteroids or anti-rejection medications, which can both help reduce inflammation.
Compiled by: eDokita Team.