November 20, 2017
Anger management: Tips on how to control your temper
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Norovirus infection is a contagious virus disease caused by Norovirus. The virus is transmitted by fecally contaminated food or water, by person-to-person contact, and via aerosolization of vomited virus and subsequent contamination of surfaces.
Norovirus is the most common cause of food-borne disease outbreaks in the U.S. It can spread quickly in closed places like daycare centers, nursing homes, schools, and cruise ships.
According to Patel MM et al (2008), the annual number of diarrhea-associated events in outpatients is estimated at 7.7 million in industrialized countries, with 0.5 million hospitalizations, and 9.0 million hospitalizations in developing countries, with nearly 2 million deaths.
A person usually develops symptoms 12 to 48 hours after being exposed to norovirus.
There is no vaccine currently available to prevent norovirus infection. It’s always impossible to avoid getting norovirus, but the following advice can help stop the virus from spreading.
No specific treatment is generally required for norovirus, infection cannot be treated with antibiotics because it is not a bacterial infection. Treatments aim to avoid complications such as dehydration from fluid loss caused by vomiting and diarrhea, and to mitigate symptoms using antiemetics and antidiarrheals.
Compiled by: eDokita Team.