October 12, 2017
Effects of Alcohol on Men’s Health
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Definition of Terms
All activities that deals with the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of substances which are subject to drug prohibition laws
Drug misuse is when prescription medications are used for mood alteration or intoxication in spite of the fact that overdose of such medicines can sometimes have serious adverse effects. It is the use of a medication without a prescription, in a way other than as prescribed, or for the experience or feelings it evokes.
This has also been described as a cluster of physiological, behavioral, and cognitive phenomena in which the use of a substance or a class of substances takes on a much higher priority for an individual than other behaviors that once had greater value
Addiction is defined as a physical and psychological dependence on a mind-altering substance or the compulsive use and dependence on a psychoactive substance.
Commonly abused substances
Nicotine is the major addictive substance in cigarettes although they also contain other harmful chemicals. Withdrawal symptoms of smoking include anxiety, hunger, sleep disturbances, and depression.
Alcohol depresses the brain, lessens your inhibitions, decreases muscle control and coordination, and may lead to addiction.
Withdrawal from alcohol can cause anxiety, irregular heartbeat, tremor, seizures, and hallucinations.
Desired effects include pleasure and increased alertness. Adverse effects include paranoia, constriction of blood vessels leading to heart damage or stroke, irregular heartbeat, and death. Withdrawal symptoms include severe depression and reduced energy.
Effects of heroin intoxication include drowsiness, pleasure, and slowed breathing. Withdrawal can be intense and can include vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, confusion, aches, and sweating. Overdose may result in death from respiratory arrest, destruction of heart valves, so on.
Effects of this include memory impairment, amnesia, paranoia and hallucinations, depression, and difficulty in breathing.
Effects include hallucinations, numbness, nausea, and increased heart rate. Long-term effects include hallucinations, delusions, paranoia and mood disturbances.
History of drug abuse in Nigeria.
The origin of Nigeria’s drugs trafficking problem can be traced to the period just after the Second World War. Nigerian soldiers who had served in Burma, India, came back with seeds of the cannabis sativa plant.
The most widely abused and locally trafficked illicit drug in Nigeria and indeed West Africa is cannabis, in its herbal form because it is quite affordable and readily available due to the fact that it is cultivated and produced locally.
Causes of substance abuse
Factors that Encourage Drugs Trafficking in Nigeria
Consequences of Drug Abuse
The aim is to stop taking drugs, stay drug free and live a productive life. Treatment approach includes the following;
Is the best approach to drug addiction. People sometimes think it will be easy to stop taking these substances when they are ready but only to find out they cannot. The government and other agencies can also help to prevent addictions by developing through education and the media, an environment of social disapproval for substance addiction especially tobacco and alcohol.
A person addicted to alcohol may require admission in order to ensure safe withdrawal. However drugs such as methadone can be used to control withdrawal symptoms to drugs like heroin and certain painkillers.
This ranges from group therapy (where other people trying to quit addiction meet to encourage one another) to Behavioral therapy which provides strategies on how to avoid relapse and how to cope with drug cravings by changing thoughts and actions that make one use the drugs.
This could be individual, couple or family counseling to help improve relationship with partner and family members
The process of managing withdrawal syndrome under medical care is called detoxification. It is important that addicts are closely monitored as withdrawal symptoms can be dangerous. The clinician could prescribe drugs to help relief withdrawal symptoms.
Mental status evaluation
It is important to check for signs of mental illness such as depression, anxiety and other mental conditions which make the person want to take drugs.
Monitoring and follow up of patient is very important to prevent relapse. Medications are also available to help re-establish brain function and suppress cravings.
Men and Addiction. (n.d.).http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/conditions/brain-and-nervous-system/a12019/men-and-addiction/
Substance Abuse. (n.d.).http://www.who.int/topics/substance_abuse/en/
Substance Abuse. (n.d.).http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/substance-abuse#1
Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction.(2016,July.). https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction