November 17, 2017
Congenital Disorders; How to prevent birth defects
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Eating disorders are psychological disorders characterized by abnormal eating behaviours, which affect a person’s physical and mental health. This could become serious and lead to a lot of disturbances or fatal illnesses. It is common in both males and females. The cause of eating disorders is not clear both biological and environmental factors appear to play a role.
These eating disorders include:
Anorexia Nervosa is a psychological and possibly life-threatening eating disorder. People with anorexia nervosa have an extremely low BMI [Body Mass Index], which is a function of an individual’s height in relation to his/her body weight. It has the highest mortality rate of any mental disorder.
People with this disorder consume a large quantity of food. They then try to rid themselves of the food they have eaten through forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives/ diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise or combination of these behaviours.
People with binge-eating disorder lose control over his or her eating. Unlike bulimia nervosa, periods of binge-eating are not followed by purging, excessive exercise, or fasting. People with this disorder are often overweight or obese. It is the most common eating disorder.
This eating disorder is characterized by persistent eating of foods with no nutritional value. It is commonly seen among children, pregnant women and people with intellectual disabilities.
An affected person can eat something potentially harmless like ice or something dangerous like sand, dried paint, dirt, hair, soap, bleaching powder and charcoal. It can lead to complications like poisoning, infections, choking and intestinal obstruction.
Rumination disorder is a condition in which a person keeps bringing up food from the stomach into the mouth (regurgitation) and rechewing the food. It is a common habit in children and may occur in some adults.
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) was previously known as a selective eating disorder (SED). It is a type of eating disorder where the consumption of certain foods is limited based on the food’s appearance, smell, taste, texture, brand, presentation, or a past negative experience with the food. It is the second most common eating disorder in children 12 years and younger. Prevalence rates for this disorder range from 8% to 14% in an eating disorder treatment setting. It can be diagnosed in children, adolescents, and adults.
People with this disorder are at risk of psychiatric disorders like anxiety disorders and depression. Roughly 20% of individuals with restrictive food intake disorder are males.
Finally, it is important to take good care of your eating habits and eat right.
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