Breast cancer is one of the leading cases of cancer in women. Learn these quick facts about breast cancer.
Breast cancer is the abnormal proliferation of abnormal cells in the breast.
The month of October is the breast cancer awareness month.
It is the leading cause of cancer in women worldwide accounting for 25% of all cancer cases.
The incidence rate per 100,000 in the following countries according to Global Cancer Facts and Figures, 3rd Edition are; the Netherlands: 95.3, France: 94.6, U.S: (white people only – other races have lower incidence): 90, Thailand: 25.6, Algeria: 29.8, India: 30.9.
Less than one percent of all breast cancer cases develop in men, and only one in a thousand men will ever be diagnosed with breast cancer.
According to S. National Cancer Institute, as a woman, you have a 1 in 8 lifetimes risk of having breast cancer. However, the chances of having breast cancer varies with age;
Age 20-29: 1 in 2,000
for Age 30-39: 1 in 229
Age 40-49: 1 in 68
for Age 50-59: 1 in 37
Age 60-69: 1 in 26
Ever: 1 in 8.
Having a first-degree relative (mother, sister, or daughter) with breast cancer almost doubles a woman’s risk. Having 2 first-degree relatives increases her risk by 3-folds.
Other factors that predispose to breast cancer are; obesity, hormone replacement therapy in menopause, delay in having children, birth control pills, early onset of menstruation, delay in reaching menopause, having first pregnancy above the age of 30, not breastfeeding….
A lump is usually the first symptom you observe. However, this most likely means the cancer has been growing in the person for some months to a year.
Other symptoms are; nipple inversion, breast redness and swelling, breast ulcers.
Symptoms of spread to other parts of the body include; cough, jaundice, weight loss, bone pain and abdominal distension.
Early diagnosis is important in the management of breast cancer.
Women and men should do regular self-breast examination and routine mammography for early detection of breast cancer.
Doctors detect breast cancer in men as a hard lump underneath the nipple and areola.