There are certain vaccines your kid must get before they attain the age of attending schools. All thanks to adherence to immunization schedules and boosters for enabling more than a dozen diseases in Nigeria such as measles, polio, tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough), now recorded at their lowest levels. Parents should be sensitive and proactive with routine vaccination that protects our children from childhood diseases.

With childhood vaccines, your kids are immune to serious diseases without getting sick first. In the absence of a vaccine, you actually have a disease to ensure immunity against the germ that causes it. Generally, vaccines work best when they are given at certain ages. This is evident when children only receive measles vaccine when they are at least a year old. It might not work if given earlier. There is a standard schedule for Childhood vaccines approved by the world health organization, also published by the center for disease control and prevention. Well, some of the vaccines received as a child provide a long time protection, but adults need immunizations too.

 

Close monitoring of immunizations
Your child will mostly complete most of the vaccinations between birth and 6 years of age, some given more than once, at various ages, and in combinations. It is important for you as a parent, to keep a good record of your child’s shot. You are ultimately responsible for this!

Sometimes, your child may miss the schedule, you do not have to start over again, but your health provider will resume with the schedule and offer you the best advice in such situation.

 

How many shots will your kid get?
With the present childhood immunization schedule, vaccines are combined to reduce the number of shots needed however; we still have a long list.

By age two (2), it is recommended that your child would have had
• One shot for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR)
• Four vaccinations for Haemophilus influenza (Hib), which is a prevalent upper respiratory tract
infection that could result to meningitis
• Three to four oral polio vaccinations (IPV)
• Four shots for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DPT)
• Three shots for hepatitis B
• One shot for varicella (chickenpox)
• Three shots for rotavirus, an infection that causes severe diarrhea
• Four shots for pneumococcal disease, that causes ear infections and pneumonia

Progressively from age 4 to 6, your child will benefit from booster shots for DPT, MMR, IPV, and chicken pox

 

Take note
• There are common side effects of immunizations which may include swelling at the site of
injection, fever, or soreness. Discuss these side effects with our eHealth providers at eDokita.
• Ensure you set a reminder so you do not miss your next appointment.
• Always take along your child’s vaccination record with you for all visits.

Embrace childhood immunization, they are safe and most effective medicines to reduce morbidity and mortality related to childhood diseases.